Configuring BITS Upload Server with PowerShell and ADSI

A common request that I get from customers is that they would like to use PowerShell to configure the BITS Upload Server extension on IIS. In the past, automating upload server configuration required the use of the Windows Scripting Host and the BITS ADSI extension (see ). It is also possible to do this using PowerShell and the same BITS ADSI extension.

First, let’s begin by installing the BITS Upload Server extension for IIS. We will need to import the Server Manager cmdlets and use the Add-WindowsFeature cmdlet to do this.

PS> Import-Module ServerManager

PS> Add-WindowsFeature BITS-IIS-Ext



In order to enable or disable BITS uploads using the BITS ADSI extension; we will need to run PowerShell using Single-Threaded Apartment (STA).

PS> powershell.exe –sta



Let’s start configuring a website to allow BITS uploads. To do this, we will need an ADSI object that represents the website’s configuration settings. In the following example, we get the configuration for an IIS directory called “Uploads” under the “Default Web Site”.

PS> $siteObj = New-Object System.DirectoryServices.DirectoryEntry("IIS://LocalHost/W3SVC/1/root/Uploads")



To enable BITS uploads on this directory; we can call the EnableBitsUploads method. (Note: The local path associated with this directory must allow write access to the built-in “IUSR” user. Otherwise, any BITS uploads to this directory will result in an access denied error.)

PS> $siteObj.EnableBitsUploads()



We call the RefreshCache method to synchronize the ADSI object with the latest configuration settings. We can then get a list of the configurable properties for this directory. The properties that affect the BITS upload server configuration are highlighted below. You can find out more about them at .

PS > $siteObj.RefreshCache()

PS > $siteObj.Properties


PropertyName                  Value                                              Capacity                         Count

------------                  -----                                              --------                         -----

AppPoolId                     DefaultAppPool                                            4                             1

DontLog                       False                                                     4                             1

DirBrowseFlags                1073741854                                                4                             1

DefaultDoc                    Default.htm,Default.asp,in...                             4                             1

AuthFlags                     1                                                         4                             1

AnonymousUserName             IUSR                                                      4                             1

AspDiskTemplateCacheDirectory D:\inetpub\temp\ASP Compil...                             4                             1

HttpErrors                    {401,*,FILE,D:\inetpub\cus...                             9                             9

AccessSSLFlags                0                                                         4                             1

NTAuthenticationProviders     Negotiate,NTLM                                            4                             1

AccessFlags                   513                                                       4                             1

ScriptMaps                    {.asp,D:\Windows\system32\...                            14                            14

RedirectHeaders                                                                         0                             0

HttpCustomHeaders             X-Powered-By: ASP.NET                                     4                             1

BITSSessionDirectory          BITS-Sessions                                             4                             1

BITSMaximumUploadSize         18446744073709551615                                      4                             1

BITSSessionTimeout            1209600                                                   4                             1

BITSServerNotificationType    0                                                         4                             1

BITSServerNotificationURL                                                               4                             1

BITSHostId                                                                              4                             1

BITSHostIdFallbackTimeout     86400                                                     4                             1

BITSAllowOverwrites           0                                                         4                             1

BITSCleanupUseDefault         True                                                      4                             1

BITSCleanupCount              12                                                        4                             1

BITSCleanupUnits              1                                                         4                             1

BITSMaxUploadSizeUnits        0                                                         4                             1

BITSSessionTimeoutUnits       0                                                         4                             1

BITSHostIdFallbackTimeoutU... 0                                                         4                             1

BITSNumberOfSessionsLimit     50                                                        4                             1

BITSSessionLimitEnable        False                                                     4                             1

KeyType                       IIsWebVirtualDir                                          4                             1

Path                          D:\inetpub\wwwroot\Uploads                                4                             1

AppIsolated                   0                                                         4                             1

AppRoot                       /LM/W3SVC/1/ROOT                                          4                             1

BITSUploadEnabled             True                                                      4                             1

BITSCleanupWorkItemKey        {590e5102-9718-477b-bce0-d...                             4                             1



The current BITSMaximumUploadSize value is 18446744073709551615, which indicates that the default upload size limit is being used (on IIS 7.0 the default upload size limit is 30 million bytes). We can set this limit to a different value. After updating the value, we call the CommitChanges method so that the new configuration takes effect.

PS > $siteObj.BITSMaximumUploadSize = 10000000

PS > $siteObj.CommitChanges()



Finally, if we need to disable BITS uploads to the directory, we can call the DisableBitsUploads method.

PS > $siteObj.DisableBitsUploads()



Hope this helps!

Alex Ng

SDET – Windows Manageability

Comments (1)

  1. Derik says:

    your script was very helpful. However I am having a problem trying to use the new bits enabled virtual directory. When I use the following command

    Start-BitsTransfer…/test.txt C:stagingtest.txt

    I get the following error:

    Start-BitsTransfer : HTTP status 500: An unexpected condition prevented the server from fulfilling the request.

    At line:1 char:1

    + Start-BitsTransfer…/test.txt C:staging …

    + ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

       + CategoryInfo          : InvalidOperation: (:) [Start-BitsTransfer], Exception

       + FullyQualifiedErrorId : StartBitsTransferCOMException,Microsoft.BackgroundIntelligentTransfer.Management.NewBits


    I searched through the IIS logs and the event view on the server; yet I didn't find any logs that corresponded to this error. I also set the txt extension to allow in the request filtering.

    Any ideas on this?

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