Permissions within SharePoint provide a great way of controlling access to SharePoint sites and content. These permissions also allow for the User Interface to be trimmed so users only see the links and the content that they have access to.
Back in the days of SharePoint 2007 a colleague Mark Arend (http://blogs.msdn.com/b/markarend/) put out handy Spreadsheet detailing the various permissions as they were mapped against the out-of-the-box roles and groups. The Spreadsheet also provided the permissions required to view links within Central Admin.
With the introduction of SharePoint 2010 there are some additional links within the Site Settings that are subject to security trimming. I’ve updated Mark’s original Spreadsheet with these new permission settings. Click here to download the updated Spreadsheet with these new permissions.
Microsoft Consulting Services UK