I hope everyone is enjoying Hyper-V RC1 (yep I just linked to my own post -shamless maybe) but, as promissed here's some more WMI goodness.
Title got your attention? Well this is a two part post… First I will show how to use the Shutdown IC to initiate a shutdown of a guest using PowerShell (that's part 4) Ok so why Negative 1? Well what did we do before PowerShell (yeah yeah vbscript but go with me) one option was C# so Part Negative 1 is a C# Example…
Here’s the PowerShell to shutdown a VM named “Vista”… Just like previous examples, we get the Msvm_ComputerSystem… then we use the Associators of query to get the Msvm_ShutdownComponent associated with that VM. Then we just call InitiateShutdown, the first parameter is wether to force a shutdown (like running shutdown /f inside the virtual machine) and the second is the reason for the shutdown. It really is that simple.
$Vm = Get-WmiObject -Namespace root\virtualization -Query "Select * From Msvm_ComputerSystem Where ElementName='Vista'"
And here’s the same code in C#…
static void Main(string args)
//Connect to the Remote Machines Management Scope
ConnectionOptions options = new ConnectionOptions();
ManagementScope scope = new ManagementScope(@"\\localhost\root\virtualization"); scope.Connect();
//Get the msvm_computersystem for the given VM (Vista)
ManagementObjectSearcher searcher = new ManagementObjectSearcher(scope,
new ObjectQuery("SELECT * FROM Msvm_ComputerSystem WHERE ElementName = 'Vista'"));
//Select the first object in the Searcher collection
IEnumerator enumr = searcher.Get().GetEnumerator();
ManagementObject msvm_computersystem = (ManagementObject)(enumr.Current);
//Use the association to get the msvm_shutdowncomponent for the msvm_computersystem
ManagementObjectCollection collection = msvm_computersystem.GetRelated("Msvm_ShutdownComponent");
ManagementObjectCollection.ManagementObjectEnumerator enumerator = collection.GetEnumerator();
ManagementObject msvm_shutdowncomponent = (ManagementObject)enumerator.Current;
//Get the InitiateShudown Parameters
ManagementBaseObject inParams = msvm_shutdowncomponent.GetMethodParameters("InitiateShutdown");
inParams["Force"] = true;
inParams["Reason"] = "Need to Shutdown";
//Invoke the Method
ManagementBaseObject outParams = msvm_shutdowncomponent.InvokeMethod("InitiateShutdown", inParams, null);
uint returnValue = (uint)outParams["ReturnValue"];
//Zero indicates success
if (returnValue != 0)
PowerShell like most scripting languages can do simple tasks well simply, but your power and control is limited… This is still the case with PowerShell the code to initiate this shutdown is dead simple in PowerShell and all of three lines, you have more ‘using’ lines than that in the C# code… However when it comes to writing more complex solutions like a Windows service that monitors Hyper-V and implements some custom business logic C# is a great choice… (it’s what the Hyper-V UI is written in).
--Hyper-V test team