Undocumented SQL Server 2000 functions


  •  Encryption in SQL server [pwdencrypt,pwdcompare]

There are some hidden functions in SQL server through which we can encrypt any string and store the same in the table. This will be very helpful in encrypting the user password and other sensitive user data. Encryption supported by SQL server is one way hash. One way hash is nothing but the string encrypted cannot be decrypted. The only way is to compare values with encrypted string.

DECLARE @ClearPIN varchar(255)
DECLARE @EncryptedPIN varbinary(255)
SELECT @ClearPIN = 'test'
SELECT @EncryptedPIN = CONVERT(varbinary(255), pwdencrypt(@ClearPIN))
SELECT pwdcompare(@ClearPIN, @EncryptedPIN, 0)

In the above example @EncryptedPIN  will store the cipher Text. The data in this string is not the encrypted string instead it will return the hash code of the supplied plain string.

  • Extended Stored Procedures
    • sp_MSgetversion
      This extended stored procedure can be used to get the current version of Microsoft SQL Server. To get the current SQL Server version, run:
      EXEC master..sp_MSgetversion
      Note. A more common way to retrieve the current SQL Server version (this way provides more information) is to use following SELECT statement:
      SELECT @@version
    • xp_dirtree
      This extended stored procedure can be used to get a list of all the folders for the folder named in the xp. To get a list of all the folders in the C:\MSSQL7 folder, run: EXEC master..xp_dirtree 'C:\MSSQL7'
    • xp_subdirs
      This extended stored procedure is used to get the list of folders for the folder named in the xp. In comparison with xp_dirtree, xp_subdirs returns only those directories whose depth = 1.
      This is the example:
      EXEC master..xp_subdirs 'C:\MSSQL7'
    • xp_enum_oledb_providers
      This extended stored procedure is used to list of all the available OLE DB providers. It returns Provider Name, Parse Name and Provider Description. To get a list of all OLE DB providers for your SQL Server, run:
      EXEC master..xp_enum_oledb_providers
    • xp_enumcodepages
      This extended stored procedure can be used to list of all code pages, character sets and their description for your SQL Server. To see this, list, run:
      EXEC master..xp_enumcodepages
    • xp_enumdsn
      This extended stored procedure returns a list of all system DSNs and their descriptions. To get the list of system DSNs, run:
      EXEC master..xp_enumdsn
    • xp_enumerrorlogs
      This extended stored procedure returns the list of all error logs with their last change date. To get the list of error logs, run:
      EXEC master..xp_enumerrorlogs
    • xp_enumgroups
      This extended stored procedure returns the list of Windows NT groups and their description. To get the list of the Windows NT groups, run:
      EXEC master..xp_enumgroups
    • xp_fileexist
      You can use this extended stored procedure to determine whether a particular file exists on the disk or not. The syntax for this xp is:
      EXECUTE xp_fileexist filename [, file_exists INT OUTPUT]
      For example, to check whether the file boot.ini exists on disk c: or not, run:
      EXEC master..xp_fileexist 'c:\boot.ini'
    • xp_fixeddrives
      This very useful extended stored procedure returns the list of all hard drives and the amount of free space in Mb for each hard drive. To see the list of drives, run:
      EXEC master..xp_fixeddrives
    • xp_getnetname
      This extended stored procedure returns the WINS name of the SQL Server that you're connected to. To view the name, run:
      EXEC master..xp_getnetname
    • xp_readerrorlog
      This extended stored procedure returns the content of the errorlog file. You can find the errorlog file in the C:\MSSQL7\Log directory, by default. To see the text of the errorlog file, run:
      EXEC master..xp_readerrorlog
    • xp_regdeletekey
      This extended stored procedure will delete an entire key from the registry. You should use it very carefully. The syntax is:
      EXECUTE xp_regdeletekey [@rootkey=]'rootkey', [@key=]'key'
      For example, to delete the key 'SOFTWARE\Test' from 'HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE', run:
      EXEC master..xp_regdeletekey @rootkey='HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE', @key='SOFTWARE\Test'
    • xp_regdeletevalue
      This extended stored procedure will delete a particular value for a key in the registry. You should use it very carefully. The syntax is:
      EXECUTE xp_regdeletevalue [@rootkey=]'rootkey', [@key=]'key', [@value_name=]'value_name'
      For example, to delete the value 'TestValue' for the key 'SOFTWARE\Test' from 'HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE', run:
      EXEC master..xp_regdeletevalue @rootkey='HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE', @key='SOFTWARE\Test', @value_name='TestValue'
    • xp_regread
      This extended stored procedure is used to read from the registry. The syntax is:
      EXECUTE xp_regread [@rootkey=]'rootkey', [@key=]'key' [, [@value_name=]'value_name'] [, [@value=]@value OUTPUT]
      For example, to read into the variable @test from the value 'TestValue' from the key 'SOFTWARE\Test' from the 'HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE', run:
      DECLARE @test varchar(20)EXEC master..xp_regread @rootkey='HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE', @key='SOFTWARE\Test', @value_name='TestValue', @value=@test OUTPUTSELECT @test
    • xp_regwrite
      This extended stored procedure is used to write to the registry. The syntax is:
      EXECUTE xp_regwrite [@rootkey=]'rootkey', [@key=]'key', [@value_name=]'value_name', [@type=]'type', [@value=]'value'
      For example, to write the variable 'Test' to the 'TestValue' value, key 'SOFTWARE\Test', 'HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE', run:
      EXEC master..xp_regwrite @rootkey='HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE', @key='SOFTWARE\Test', @value_name='TestValue', @type='REG_SZ', @value='Test'
      Keep in mind that these undocumented extended stored procedures are not officially supported by Microsoft, and that they may not be found in the next version of SQL Server.
Skip to main content