Always On – Synchronize SAP login, jobs and objects

SQL Server AlwaysOn is one of the High Availability solutions available for an SAP system. It consists of two or more computers each hosting a SQL Server with a copy of the SAP database. A listener points to the actual primary copy and is used from the SAP system as the only connection point. For details how to setup and configure an SAP system together with SQL Server AlwaysOn see this blog post and its referenced blog posts.

During the setup the SAP System is configured from the current primary node and all non-database related objects such as SQL Server Agent Jobs, logins etc. are created only on the current primary database. In a case of a (automatic) failover to one of the secondary nodes of AlwaysOn these objects are then missing. Jürgen has introduced a script (sap_helprevlogin) in his initial blog post about the database load after setting up AlwaysOn. This script will transfer only the logins, but will fall short on transferring jobs, server level permissions and other assignments.

One of the SAP developers working in our team has built a comprehensive PowerShell script (sap_synchronize_always_on.ps1) to perform all these tasks and to transfer all the SAP objects from the initial installation to all the other nodes of the AlwaysOn system. The script connects to the primary instance, reads the configuration of the secondary nodes and then synchronizes the objects and jobs with these nodes. The script must be executed by a domain administrator which has SQL Server sysadmin privileges on all AlwaysOn instances.

The script uses up to three input variables:

  1. The server name of the SQL Server instance or the listener name of the High-Availability group. The default is (local)
  2. The name of the SAP database, which must be in an High-Availability group on the given server
  3. Single login (optional): Only one login gets copied along with SAP CCMS jobs owned by the login. By default all logins mapped to the database are copied.

The script will execute:

  1. Create a procedure CheckAccess in the master database (see this blog about the details about it)
  2. Discover which logins are mapped to the database
  3. Discover which SAP CCMS jobs belong to those logins
  4. If the job does not use CheckAccess then change the job step to use CheckAccess and run the job step in master
  5. Open a connection to each secondary and:
    1. Create procedure CheckAccess in the master database
    2. Create the logins if they don’t exist already using the same sid.
    3. Create the jobs if they don’t exist already.
    4. If a job exists and if the job does not CheckAccess then change the job step to use CheckAccess and run in master

If new SAP CCMS jobs are added because of remote monitoring from a different SAP system using DBACOCKPIT, the script can be re-executed. It will then copy only new objects which have not been copied before.

You can find this useful script attached, which makes the synchronization of the SAP Systems in an AlwaysOn environment so much easier. Please ensure that you test the execution in your test environment first, before you run it in production. Neither SAP nor Microsoft takes any responsibility from using this script, you run it on your own risk.

Update January 2017: New script version that copies the sid<adm> and SAPService<SID> logins from the SAP System as well.

Best regards | Bless!

Clas & Guðmundur

sap_synchronize_always_on