Why SharePoint 2013 Cumulative Update takes 5 hours to install?

I recently went through the process of applying the latest SharePoint 2013 Cumulative Update on my multi server SharePoint 2013 Farm.   To my surprise, I found the total time to apply the patch (install the bits) took over 5 hours per SharePoint Server.   This time doesn’t include running PSConfig which is considered phase 2.   My SharePoint 2013 farm is hosted by a Windows 8 Hyper V environment where my VM’s meet the minimum hardware requirements for memory etc.   I found that as I started to gracefully terminate other SharePoint services running, the time of subsequent patch runs started to drop tremendously.   I suspect the following:

Some of these processes like App Fabric, Search(node runner), etc.. are taking enough CPU time, threads associated with Windows Installer gets put into a longer line waiting for the most popular roller coaster ride which happens to be the CPU.   Note:  Threads are treated the same as everyone else in terms of thread priority.     


Another way of saying this:

By having x # of additional processes running, you increase the # of threads vying for CPU time by x much.  Assuming each process threads are at the same priority, each thread will evenly get a slide of Processor time to execute.  

For Example:  Let’s assume I have 2 processes (process A) and (process B).   Process A has 10 run-able threads while Process B has 3 run-able threads.  Assuming these 13 threads are at the same priority, each thread would theoretically receive one-thirteenth of CPU time.   


I wrote a Power Shell script to automate and speed up the install of a Cumulative Update on SharePoint 2013.   This Power Shell script improved my patch time from 5 hours to 30 minutes.  The patch performs the following steps:

1. Disable the IISAdmin and SPTimerV4 service

2. Shut down IIS Admin and Timer Services if they are running                                                                                                            

3. Give you the option to Pause the Search Service Application (see search notes below)                                                                                      

4. Stop Search Services (see search notes below)                                                                                                                                                     

5. Install the patch in passive mode (No user interaction required but will witness the patch install in the UI)

Note:  Power Shell should remain open in the background while patch is running

6. Upon completion of the patch, the Power Shell script, services in step 1 are set to Automatic                                                                          

7. Starts up IIS Admin and Timer Services                                                                                                                                              

8. Starts up Search Services                                                                                                                                                                                      

9. Resume the Search Service Application if it was paused                                                                                                                       

10. Finally, the script will display the Start Time and End Time for patch install


Search Notes:

  1. This script will only stop Search SharePoint Services if they are running
  2. This script will only pause the Search Service Application upon user input
  3. This script will only start Search SharePoint Services if they were stopped
  4. This script will only resume the Search Service Application if it was paused

Important:  I recommend pausing the Search Service Application for several reasons but primarily so that Search services aren’t being shutdown during a Full, Incremental, or Continuous Crawl.   I made this an option because a SharePoint Admin can run the patch simultaneously on multiple SharePoint servers and may prefer to manually pause/resume the Search Service Application.


Instructions for Running the Power Shell Script

In order to run the script, save the flow script to a text editor like notepad.   Save the file with a .ps1 extension to a folder on the SharePoint Server.   Drop the SharePoint cumulative update in the same folder as the script.   In my example, I created a scripts folder where I dropped the powershell script and the cumulative update.

For Example:



Important:  Only one update should be placed here and the file extension should be .exe. 

Finally, to run the script from c:\scripts using SharePoint Management Shell.  This script is tested on Windows 2012 running SharePoint 2013. 


Example Screenshot – during patching it looks like:




Example Screenshot – Patching is complete!



Updated Script 4/4/13 1:41 AM (CST).  Thanks to Scott Manning for script validation efforts with appfabric.

Updated Script 4/2/13 2:10 PM (CST).  Thanks to Jon Waite for script validation efforts.

Updated Script 8/31/13 10:00 AM (CST).  Corrected an issue with starting script and removed appfabric shutdown/start up failed logic.  Thx for the feedback!

Updated Script 9/7/15 11:05 AM (CST).  Removed /passive switch to expose errors during patching


Script is below, start copying and enjoy!


<# ==============================================================
  // Microsoft provides programming examples for illustration only,
  // without warranty either expressed or implied, including, but not
// limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability and/or
  // fitness for a particular purpose.
  // This sample assumes that you are familiar with the programming
  // language being demonstrated and the tools used to create and debug
  // procedures. Microsoft support professionals can help explain the
  // functionality of a particular procedure, but they will not modify
  // these examples to provide added functionality or construct
  // procedures to meet your specific needs. If you have limited
  // programming experience, you may want to contact a Microsoft
  // Certified Partner or the Microsoft fee-based consulting line at
  //  (800) 936-5200 .
  // For more information about Microsoft Certified Partners, please
  // visit the following Microsoft Web site:
  // https://partner.microsoft.com/global/30000104
  // Author: Russ Maxwell (russmax@microsoft.com)
  // ---------------------------------------------------------- #>


##Ensure Patch is Present##
$patchfile = Get-ChildItem | where{$_.Extension -eq ".exe"}
if($patchfile -eq $null)
  Write-Host "Unable to retrieve the file.  Exiting Script" -ForegroundColor Red

##Stop Search Services##
##Checking Search services##
$srchctr = 1
$srch4srvctr = 1
$srch5srvctr = 1

$srv4 = get-service "OSearch15"
$srv5 = get-service "SPSearchHostController"

If(($srv4.status -eq "Running") -or ($srv5.status-eq "Running"))
    Write-Host "Choose 1 to Pause Search Service Application" -ForegroundColor Cyan
    Write-Host "Choose 2 to leave Search Service Application running" -ForegroundColor Cyan
    $searchappresult = Read-Host "Press 1 or 2 and hit enter" 

   if($searchappresult -eq 1)
        $srchctr = 2
        Write-Host "Pausing the Search Service Application" -foregroundcolor yellow
        Write-Host "This could take a few minutes" -ForegroundColor Yellow
        $ssa = get-spenterprisesearchserviceapplication

    elseif($searchappresult -eq 2)
        Write-Host "Continuing without pausing the Search Service Application"
        Write-Host "Run the script again and choose option 1 or 2" -ForegroundColor Red
        Write-Host "Exiting Script" -ForegroundColor Red

Write-Host "Stopping Search Services if they are running" -foregroundcolor yellow
if($srv4.status -eq "Running")
    $srch4srvctr = 2
    set-service -Name "OSearch15" -startuptype Disabled

if($srv5.status -eq "Running")
    $srch5srvctr = 2
    Set-service "SPSearchHostController" -startuptype Disabled

    $srv6 = get-service "SPSearchHostController"
    if($srv6.status -eq "Stopped")
        $yes = 1
    Start-Sleep -seconds 10
  until ($yes -eq 1)

Write-Host "Search Services are stopped" -foregroundcolor Green


##Stop Other Services##
Set-Service -Name "IISADMIN" -startuptype Disabled
Set-Service -Name "SPTimerV4" -startuptype Disabled
Write-Host "Gracefully stopping IIS W3WP Processes" -foregroundcolor yellow
iisreset -stop -noforce
Write-Host "Stopping Services" -foregroundcolor yellow

$srv2 = get-service "SPTimerV4"
  if($srv2.status -eq "Running")

Write-Host "Services are Stopped" -ForegroundColor Green


##Start patching##
Write-Host "Patching now keep this PowerShell window open" -ForegroundColor Magenta
$starttime = Get-Date

$filename = $patchfile.basename    

Start-Process $filename

Start-Sleep -seconds 20
$proc = get-process $filename

$finishtime = get-date
Write-Host "Patch installation complete" -foregroundcolor green


##Start Services##
Write-Host "Starting Services Backup" -foregroundcolor yellow
Set-Service -Name "SPTimerV4" -startuptype Automatic
Set-Service -Name "IISADMIN" -startuptype Automatic

##Grabbing local server and starting services##
$servername = hostname
$server = get-spserver $servername

$srv2 = get-service "SPTimerV4"
$srv3 = get-service "IISADMIN"
$srv4 = get-service "OSearch15"
$srv5 = get-service "SPSearchHostController"

###Ensuring Search Services were stopped by script before Starting"
if($srch4srvctr -eq 2)
    set-service -Name "OSearch15" -startuptype Automatic
if($srch5srvctr -eq 2)
    Set-service "SPSearchHostController" -startuptype Automatic

###Resuming Search Service Application if paused###
if($srchctr -eq 2)
    Write-Host "Resuming the Search Service Application" -foregroundcolor yellow
    $ssa = get-spenterprisesearchserviceapplication

Write-Host "Services are Started" -foregroundcolor green
Write-Host "Script Duration" -foregroundcolor yellow
Write-Host "Started: " $starttime -foregroundcolor yellow
Write-Host "Finished: " $finishtime -foregroundcolor yellow
Write-Host "Script Complete" 



Russ Maxwell, MSFT 

Comments (132)

  1. Well this saved me a lot of time.  Great blog Russ!

  2. Kevin says:

    Could this same type of script be used for SharePoint 2010?

  3. Solvetech says:

    Great work. Begs the question why can't  the cu update do this?

  4. DarinR says:

    Worked like a champ first time, thanks Russ!


    Patch installation complete

    Starting Services Backup

    Starting Distributed Cache Servic

    Services are Started

    Script Duration

    Started:  4/29/2013 10:08:47 PM

    Finished:  4/29/2013 10:21:40 PM

  5. CW says:

    Fantastic, thanks.

    Is it possible for MS to put out a CU for SharePoint that just installs without issues? It's amazing that this hasn't been integrated into the CU. It's almost as if MS approach everything in a really slack, ill thought out manner?

  6. Hi Russ,

    My results  are somewhat strange, I am getting almost 10 Seconds across my one WFE and two  APP Server farm. Which I do see the CU install popup window. Script closes gracefully, but there is no KB# listed under CA>Upgrade & Migration>Manage Patch Status.  Any advise?  Thanks for finding this issue and saving us the time…

    Below is my script run:

    Stopping Search Services if they are running

    Search Services are stopped

    Gracefully stopping IIS W3WP Processes

    Attempting stop…

    Internet services successfully stopped

    Stopping Services

    Gracefully stopping Distributed Cache, this could take a few minutes

    Distributed Cache disabled

    Services are Stopped

    Patching now keep this PowerShell window open

    Patch installation complete

    Starting Services Backup

    Starting Distributed Cache Service

    Services are Started

    Script Duration

    Started:  5/5/2013 12:58:53 AM

    Finished:  5/5/2013 12:59:26 AM

  7. Russ Maxwell says:

    That's strange Rajesh.  I ensure your running powershell as an Administrator.   If that doesn't work, do you have the same problem running the file manually assuming it's in the same location where the script is pointing?   I'm thinking maybe your experiencing some errors during setup and may need to go check the setup log.

  8. Falgun Patel says:

    Russ….we are getting issue while installing the CU …

    While the installation and upgrade of the SharePoint farm completed, the User Profile service broke. At this stage I have not been able to successfully get the User profile service recreated. The issue is that when the User Profile Service restarts it recreates duplicate copies of the FIM certificates.

    Do you have any idea .?

  9. Jake says:

    I noticed the same issue with updates installed on a SharePoint 2013 server that's already configured vs one that's a fresh install. Thanks so much for the script!

  10. Russ Maxwell says:

    I'd be surprised if my script had anything to do with problems with the UPA since it doesn't touch any of those services.   Did you get around the issue? I'm curious what errors your getting in ULS..

  11. Børge Rødsjø says:

    Wow, I should have seen this some days ago… I used _8 hours_ to be able to install the SharePoint Server March Cumulative Update. The first tries I tried to install the update it failed, but after 2-3 tries it went through.

    And then before leaving my job that day I started the installation of the April Cumulative Update, and it was finished the morning after when I got back to work. Pjuh.

    You have to share this post out there! Before anyone else uses 5 hours to install the update!

  12. Kourosh says:

    Hi and thanks for this helpful post. I have a problem and hope you can help me. After Installing March CU for SP 2013 (I don't know weather it is successful) I can not loggon into SharePoint anymore. I have plenty of errors on the log among others

    Token Cache: Failed to get token from distributed cache for '0).w|s-1-5-21-1844237615-1897051121-839522115-12500'.(This is expected during the process warm up or if data cache Initialization is getting done by some other thread).

  13. SP says:

    Hi Max,

    When I run the above script it gives me successfully patch, however I don't see it installed on the program features under installed update. Any pointers what is going wrong?

  14. Brian says:

    I should think that stopping the similar services for SP Server 2010 will also speed up the process?  The last CU I applied took over 5 hours to apply, per server.  if I can stop those services and get this down to less than 1 hour that would be awesome.  Can you confirm that stopping IIS, Search, and the timer servies will not cause any issies for 2010?

    Thanks for your time and efforts on this!

  15. Sharepoint Products configuration Wizard says:


    Do i need to run the wizard after the script?

  16. Hubertus Everling says:

    Don't use this method if you want to keep your appfabric distributed cache working!!

    This is the reason why some of your User Profile Sync. Services won't start anymore 😉

  17. Ryan says:

    I commented out the AppFabric service (that is not the proper way to stop that service).  At any rate, the installation took about 30 minutes.  So, perhaps you can revamp your script to not touch AppFabric?

    Hope this helps

  18. Ryan says:

    Yes, you always need to run the config wizard after installing a SharePoint update

  19. Hi,

    I've read that it is best practice to stop SPTimerV4 first, before stopping search componets:


    And my installation take long, even with script. i see following process taking up to 50-60% CPU:

    .Net Runtime Optimization Service

    Is this normal?

  20. Syed Shoaib Adil says:

    My results are as follows…..

    is that possible it Update would finish in few seconds :s

    I was doing JUNE CU….


    Choose 1 to Pause Search Service Application

    Choose 2 to leave Search Service Application running

    Press 1 or 2 and hit enter: 1

    Pausing the Search Service Application

    This could take a few minutes


    Stopping Search Services if they are running

    Search Services are stopped

    Gracefully stopping IIS W3WP Processes

    Attempting stop…

    Internet services successfully stopped

    Stopping Services

    Gracefully stopping Distributed Cache, this could take a few minutes

    Distributed Cache disabled

    Services are Stopped

    Patching now keep this PowerShell window open

    Patch installation complete

    Starting Services Backup

    Starting Distributed Cache Service

    Resuming the Search Service Application


    Services are Started

    Script Duration

    Started:  8/15/2013 3:25:07 PM

    Finished:  8/15/2013 3:25:36 PM

    Script Complete


  21. Hi,

    Thanks for the great script, I just used it to update my development environment.

    The directory path to my patch files happened to contain spaces and I received an error on the following line

    . .$filename /passive

    I simply replaced it with the following

    [System.Diagnostics.Process]::Start(".$filename", "/passive")

    and the script worked perfectly.

    Thanks again.

  22. Russ Maxwell says:

    Thanks Wes and Ryan for providing feedback.  After testing the script with latest patches I confirm your findings.   I have removed all aspects of appfabric from the script so it will now take 30 minutes per server.  I also updated the following start up logic.

    $filename = $patchfile.basename

    $arg = "/passive"

    Start-Process $filename $arg

    Thanks again,


  23. Brian T says:

    Many thanks for providing the script.  Appreciate it if you would version it and add a version specific notes section.


    # CurrentVersion = 1.1


    # Version 1.0 – initial release

    # Version 1.1 – Removed app fabric and tidied up start process



  24. Bhavik says:

    Hi Russ,

    When we extract the SP Aug 2013 CU it also contians a cab file "ubersrv_1.cab", do we need to put this as well in the scripts folder?

    Thanks in advance!


  25. Alex says:


    Do you by any chance have a version of this script for SharePoint 2010?

    If not is OSearch15 the only value I would have to chance to OSearch14 to adopt it for SharePoint 2010 CU roll out?



  26. Russ Maxwell says:

    Bhavik, yes you do and that's a good observation.  I noticed the CU's that came later also have a cab associated so you'll need to leave that or the scriptcu will error out.

    Alex, I haven't thought about writing one for SP2010.  Are the patch times poor for you in 2010?

  27. Sushil says:

    Nice post, Really it helps a lot and saved time.

    I reffered this post for SP 2013 August CU, it works fine, only I had to include Cab file with setup.exe.



  28. Tommy says:


    The bulk of your recommendation is similar to what's documented here: blogs.technet.com/…/how-to-install-update-packages-on-a-sharepoint-farm-where-search-component-and-high-availability-search-topologies-are-enabled.aspx

    The difference being that you're also stopping the IIS service. I wonder whether this is supported for the binary portion of the install. The reason I wonder is that if you install a 2013 CU on (for example) a 3-server farm (WFE, APP, Search), the binary portion of the install takes a different amount of time depending on the number of deployed services. The WFE will complete first (by a lot), then search, and finally the APP server. I have verified this on a number of farms. So it is clear to me that the binary installation differs depending on deployed services. I don't know well enough the mechanism behind this, and hence my question about stopping the IIS service.

    Any thoughts on this?


  29. Russ Maxwell says:

    Hey Tommy,

    I wasn't aware of that link but good to know others from Microsoft our documenting this behavior.  For your question, stopping IIS services is a very common activity.  We recycle application pools nightly by default.  Plus, I wouldn't want IIS listening for inbound traffic while I'm patching.  When the script disables IIS services, it's doing it through services.msc on the box.  It's not doing any kind of deprovisioning of iis sites which would happen if you manually stop the Web App service in CA -> Services on Server.  



  30. Joris says:

    I tried it with the October CU and it gave me an error stating – can not find a process with the name ubersrv2013-kb2825647-fullfile-x64-glb.exe

  31. Satish says:

    Hi Russ,

    Thanks for sharing the script.

    Can this script be used to install security patches as well or is it only for Cumilative Updates?

  32. Aaron LaBeau says:

    I had problems when my environment used FQDN because the server name in line 163 is missing the domain name.  I modified to fix:

    ##Grabbing local server and starting services##

    $domain = [System.DirectoryServices.ActiveDirectory.Domain]::GetCurrentDomain()

    $servername = hostname + "." + $domain

    $server = get-spserver $servername


  33. temp12000 says:

    I need to install PU + August CU. Do I have to run psconfig after install PU, then install the CU? or I can install PU+CU, then psconfig? thanks.

  34. BlueSky2010 says:

    Hi Russ,

    Thank you for putting this together. Unfortunately I went through the pain of 5 hours of patching each server first time around (before coming across this :-)).

    Now that I'm trying to executive this script I run into the following error message. Any suggestion what that might be? This is coming from line 144.  I do have only "ubersrv2013-kb2825647-fullfile-x64-glb.exe" and your script on the same folder in the server.

    Appreciate any feedback as always!

    get-process : Cannot find a process with the name "ubersrv2013-kb2825647-fullfile-x64-glb". Verify the process name and call the cmdlet again.

    many thanks!

  35. Frederik Lefevre says:

    Hi Russ,

    Thanks yo so much!

  36. Jonas Widriksson says:

    I thought my SharePoint 2013 Cummulative update had hanged after running for about one hour. I then cancelled it and ran again with this script. Result: Installation done in 10minutes. Thanks!

  37. Dennis says:

    Can this script be used to install SP1 of SharePoint 2013?

  38. Jason says:

    @Dennis – script looks like it works with any EXE file – going to try it with SP1 on a test farm tomorrow I think – will post results as installing SharePoint 2013 SP1 on a fresh install of SharePoint 2013 and Windows Server 2012 takes longer than 5 hours.  

  39. Anil says:

    Excellent post… Thanks Maxwell for such use full post…

  40. bj fentress says:

    Has anyone tried this script with Service Pack 1 for SharePoint 2013 yet? Does the process behave any differently in this case or should it run just the same?

    Thanks -BJ

  41. Jan says:

    Just tried with SP1 and crashed my User Profile Service Application and Search Service. Did a restore and upgrade again without the script and then it worked. However took 4 hours.. 🙁 Anyone else have any experiense with this?

  42. kab says:

    I just used this script to upgrade to SP1 from RTM.  Worked perfect and took about 40 minutes.  Thank you!

  43. lzandman says:

    Hi, it looks like you never acted to Ragesoft's remark that you need to stop SPTimerV4 before stopping the Search components. As that other Microsoft blog points out:

    "The reason why you need to stop the SPTimerV4 service first is because the SPTimerV4 service monitors the SPSearchHostController service. The SPTimerV4 service will start the SPSearchHostController service it if it finds that the SPSearchHostController is stopped. Therefore, if the SPTimerV4 service is running after you stop the SPSearchHostController service, the SPTimerV4 service might start the SPSearchHostController without you noticing it."

    I think you need to switch the order a little in your script, so the Timer Service is stopped first, right?

  44. Rob says:

    Why use $ssa.pause() instead of Suspend-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication?

  45. Rob says:

    How should this be coordinated with a content db detach/attach? Attach content dbs before or after starting services?

  46. Anthony says:

    I ran the script to install SP1 for SharePoint 2013 on a dev environment that is runing Windows Server 2012.  It ran like a champ but I was wondering if anyone has run this on a server runnining Windows Server 2008 R2.

  47. Russ Maxwell says:

    Let me look at the latest suggestions and I'll respond soon…  



  48. Harry R says:

    I just used this script for the March PU and it completed in 26 mins without a hitch.

    There were some dreaded red Powershell lines at the start before the Service Pause option appeared. These appeared to be lines of the script like // Author: Russ Maxwell and othe words and characters being read as 'terms' by Powershell.

    Excellent work. Thank you.

  49. Anders Rask says:

    The AppFabric sections should be re-added as you do a reboot. Graceful shutdown is totally supported way of stopping the service (as opposed to stopping the service in Services on Server)

  50. SharePoint Guy says:

    Hello Friend!

    I am trying to apply SP1 to my sharepoint server 2013 environment. I tried this script but it is not working..

    please help.

  51. Miguel says:

    Running the binaries..does that need to be sequential or is that ok to simultaneously run the script on all servers in the farm? Then, run the Configuration Wizard on the boxes running Central Admin first and one at a time? Thanks

  52. Shekhar says:

    Hi Rush, Thanks for this wonderful article!! I was wondering if we could explore the similar way for SharePoint 2010 environment as well? I read the entire thread however looks we didnt see a conclusion on approach for 2010?

    Look forward to hear from you!!

    best wishes!!


  53. Anthony NHN says:

    Dear Russ,

    Please advise if your script works for Service Pack 1 (i.e. reduce the installation time) re-released in May 2014 blogs.technet.com/…/sp1-for-sharepoint-2013-has-been-rereleased.aspx

    Thanks & Regards,


  54. Chuck says:

    Thank you so much for this script!  I am putting it in a folder named "Quiesce 2013".  🙂  

    I have a multi-server environment and I'm wondering about the sequence of applying patches to servers.  I see you said it could be run simultaneously…is that the best approach?  I have one WFE and one app/CA server in dev.  Two WFE's, an app/CA server and a dedicated Search-only server in Prod.  For the March/April 2013 CU/PU i followed Kirk Stark's guide for Search environments and it worked well.  blogs.technet.com/…/how-to-install-update-packages-on-a-sharepoint-farm-where-search-component-and-high-availability-search-topologies-are-enabled.aspx   Thanks again and I look forward to any comments you might have about sequencing.  

  55. Skeanthu says:

    Tip of my beer to you.

  56. Charles BORCKE says:

    Works also for SharePoint 2013 SP1. Thanks an lot russmax !

  57. Subhash Reddy says:

    Thanks alot Max.Nice post

  58. A Chuvash Guy says:

    Hi! A great script! What I want to add is loading of SharePoint PSSnapin: just add this in the script: asnp *share* Otherwise you cannot use SharePoint-related CMDlets.

  59. Chaz Vargas says:

    Has anyone run the script with the July 2014 CU?  

  60. igibason says:

    I second Chaz…also what about if the CU has the Application file as well as the 2 CAB files.  Can you simply drop all 3 files in the same folder with your script?

    Used before only on a CU that had a single file and worked great!

  61. Anil Avula says:

    Has any one used the script for July-cu 2014 for Sp-2013 ,I tried, No errors but with in a minute its showing "patch installation complete" but its not updated really.It has 2 cab files,so its the same script or need any modifications?

  62. Brian H says:

    I've used this to install the July 2014 update and it didn't have any problems. The additional cab files get picked up with the patch install. The script ignores them.

  63. igibason says:

    Brian – Thanks for the reply.  I just applied Sept. CU and worked without any problems.

  64. hello says:

    Can this be executed on other servers simultaneously?

  65. Ajay says:

    Why after installation of July .2014 CU it shows the version 15.0.4631.1000 or is this version correct.  I had downloaded the CU for SP2013 server edition  … as I assume SP foundation is automatically in cluded and one need not have to install this first  and then server.

  66. Umar says:

    Great post. Wonder if order of stopping and starting services will make any difference. or make process any better as described here :


    Note: The reason why you need to stop the SPTimerV4 service first is because the SPTimerV4 service monitors the SPSearchHostController service. The SPTimerV4 service will start the SPSearchHostController service it if it finds that the SPSearchHostController is stopped. c. Restart the Windows Services in the following order:

    Thanks for sharing.

  67. Hans Russell says:

    I used this script successfully in a SharePoint 2010 environment.  Certainly saves some time with installing the binaries.  Remember to unzip your CU's first, otherwise the script will only unzip the files for you (completes quickly), but won't run the CU.  You'll need to modify the script to replace OSearch15 with OSearch14, and also remove any code related to "SPSearchHostController" ($srv5 & $srv6).

  68. Ranjit says:

    Sharepoint surely sucks and this script is a great one. Can I run this after I have stupidly started the upgrade process manually w/o realizing how much time its going to take ? it seems SP's SP1 takes longer than SP1 of the OS itself … 😉

  69. Sudhir Kesharwani says:

    We will be installing a bunch of CUs on our SharePoint servers,  I was wondering what approach do i need to follow in order to use this script.

    – copy sp1 installable — run the script

    – copy May 14 CU –  run the script

    let me know if my understanding is correct?

  70. Piou says:


    It saves a lot of time 🙂

  71. Tim F says:


    We would like to use this script on SharePoint 2013 SP1 on WIndows Server 2008 R2 SP1.  Will it work on that  OS.


  72. Digi says:


    Can we use this script to install security updates also?

  73. Jesper Arnecke says:

    Cheers for the script!

    Ran it on Server 2008 R2, SharePoint 2013 SP1 upgrading to Cumulative Update Sepember 2014 without any problems. (30mins installation on a underspec'ed Virtual server)

    One thing that I was in doubt about is the requirement to run the psconfig afterwards. I do not see it included in the script nor any mention of this.

    So I presume it's required to run after the script has completed?

  74. Bob Davis says:

    Thank you much for writing this post! You saved me a bunch of time and taht is a tremendous gift. You are the man!

  75. Alex says:

    Hi There!

    I found this Blog wile searching for reasons why my Sharepoint Update took 26 Hours 🙁

    What i miss in this script ist the PSCONFIG. The long part in an Sharepoint Update Process is the Upgrade of the Content_Databases. This happens wile running PSCONFIG.

    Did nobody run PSCONFIG or upgraded the Databases after the CU-Installation? How long did it take??

  76. Steve says:

    I'm going to assume that the PSConfig isn't in the script because you need to install the binaries across the farm servers before attempting to psconfig any of the machines.

  77. Paul says:

    Hi Steve and Alex

    Yes you will still need to run PSCONFIG after the script.

    Russ, Awesome Script! Saved me many many hours now.

  78. L says:

    have anyone try the script with security updates,  someone already asked twice,

  79. Bill Jones says:

    Presuming the script and patch are copied to a remote server, can the script be run remotely using powershell – if so what is correct command ?

    Thanks for all hard work !

  80. Vaidotas says:

    Thank you. It was so fast. Super. 🙂

  81. Bill Jones says:

    I am still getting a prompt to install the patch even though it should be installing in /passive mode ? This is preventing remote execution. Any ideas please ?

  82. bill jones says:

    Answer was the file was from untrusted source. Go into properties of file and unblock – now executes in passive mode without any prompts.

  83. Ben says:

    I am stuck in Pausing Search Service Application even though when I checked the CA>Search Service Application, it is a,s=ready paused. It says this could take few minutes but its more than an hour an still stucks in the same place..Any idea?

  84. Ben says:

    I am stuck in the first step-Pausing Search Service Application- This may take few minutes. I checked the CA>Search Service Application and it is already paused but the script keeps showing same message and its been more than an hour. I cancelled and ran it again and still getting same message and doesnt move to next step.Any ideas?

  85. bill jones says:

    @Ben Is the process running ? Is it doing anything (CPU/Memory) ? Go to location for ULS logs and check the upgrade log. If you see my post above, I found the file was open waiting for user input as it was set to blocked. You can use unblock-file to unblock it, or add it to this script.

    Hope this is useful

  86. Ben says:

    any idea why the search service application does not resume after the script is run?  I thought the script will resume SSA. Another question- is the process same for the servers running the search component? Do we need to stop the Timer Service, Host Controller Search Service and Osearch15 through services for server running the search component?

  87. Jeremy Leff says:

    All of my cumulative updates have several .exe files. Is it possible to run them all at once?

  88. ger says:

    Thanks Russ,

    I ran the script and all appears to have worked but a few errors during the patching, please see output.

    Any idea why there were errors during the patch sequence.

    Pausing the Search Service Application

    This could take a few minutes

    get-spenterprisesearchserviceapplication : The term 'get-spenterprisesearchserviceapplication' is not recognized as the name of a cmdlet,

    function, script file, or operable program. Check the spelling of the name, or if a path was included, verify that the path is correct and try


    At D:SharepointCUMay2015CUInstall.ps1:62 char:16

    +         $ssa = get-spenterprisesearchserviceapplication

    +                ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

       + CategoryInfo          : ObjectNotFound: (get-spenterprisesearchserviceapplication:String) [], CommandNotFoundException

       + FullyQualifiedErrorId : CommandNotFoundException

    You cannot call a method on a null-valued expression.

    At D:SharepointCUMay2015CUInstall.ps1:63 char:9

    +         $ssa.pause()

    +         ~~~~~~~~~~~~

       + CategoryInfo          : InvalidOperation: (:) [], RuntimeException

       + FullyQualifiedErrorId : InvokeMethodOnNull

    Stopping Search Services if they are running

    Search Services are stopped

    Gracefully stopping IIS W3WP Processes

    Attempting stop…

    Internet services successfully stopped

    Stopping Services

    Services are Stopped

    Patching now keep this PowerShell window open

    Patch installation complete

    Starting Services Backup

    get-spserver : The term 'get-spserver' is not recognized as the name of a cmdlet, function, script file, or operable program. Check the spelling

    of the name, or if a path was included, verify that the path is correct and try again.

    At D:SharepointCUMay2015CUInstall.ps1:163 char:11

    + $server = get-spserver $servername

    +           ~~~~~~~~~~~~

       + CategoryInfo          : ObjectNotFound: (get-spserver:String) [], CommandNotFoundException

       + FullyQualifiedErrorId : CommandNotFoundException

    Resuming the Search Service Application

    get-spenterprisesearchserviceapplication : The term 'get-spenterprisesearchserviceapplication' is not recognized as the name of a cmdlet,

    function, script file, or operable program. Check the spelling of the name, or if a path was included, verify that the path is correct and try


    At D:SharepointCUMay2015CUInstall.ps1:188 char:12

    +     $ssa = get-spenterprisesearchserviceapplication

    +            ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

       + CategoryInfo          : ObjectNotFound: (get-spenterprisesearchserviceapplication:String) [], CommandNotFoundException

       + FullyQualifiedErrorId : CommandNotFoundException

    You cannot call a method on a null-valued expression.

    At D:SharepointCUMay2015CUInstall.ps1:189 char:5

    +     $ssa.resume()

    +     ~~~~~~~~~~~~~

       + CategoryInfo          : InvalidOperation: (:) [], RuntimeException

       + FullyQualifiedErrorId : InvokeMethodOnNull

    Services are Started

    Script Duration

    Started:  6/17/2015 3:06:45 PM

    Finished:  6/17/2015 3:19:43 PM

    Script Complete

  89. RickToner says:

    PSCONFIG, What I did!

    I added the below lines to deal with PSCONFG running as soon as the patch is applied.  It has a prompt where you can say no and it will not run it, in the case you a have a multiple server environment.

    I put this function at the top:

    #Region PSConfig

    Function Run-PSConfig


    Set-Alias PSCONFIG "${env:commonprogramfiles}Microsoft SharedWeb Server Extensions15BINPSCONFIG.EXE"

       Start-Process -FilePath PSCONFIG -ArgumentList "-cmd upgrade -inplace b2b -force -cmd applicationcontent -install -cmd installfeatures" -NoNewWindow -Wait


    $PSConfig = "$env:CommonProgramFilesMicrosoft SharedWeb Server Extensions$env:spVerBINpsconfig.exe"


    Added this right after:


    ##Ensure Patch is Present##


    $patchfile = Get-ChildItem | Where-Object{$_.Extension -eq ".exe"}

    if($patchfile -eq $null)


     Write-Host "Unable to retrieve the file.  Exiting Script" -ForegroundColor Red




    ##Should we run PSConfig ##


    Write-Host "Should PSConfig be run at the end of the process?" -ForegroundColor Cyan

    Write-Host "Choose Y to have PSConfig run instantly after the updates have been applied" -ForegroundColor Cyan

    $spconfigResult = Read-Host "Press Y or N and hit enter"  

    Added this part after:

    Write-Host "Script Complete"

    if($spconfigResult -eq "Y")




    $starttime = Get-Date

    Write-Host "Running PSConfig.exe"




    $finishtime = Get-Date

    Write-Host "PSConfig Duration" -ForegroundColor Yellow

    Write-Host "Started: " $starttime -ForegroundColor Yellow

    Write-Host "Finished: " $finishtime -ForegroundColor Yellow


    I hope this helps

  90. RickToner says:


    You don't need the below line.

    $PSConfig = "$env:CommonProgramFilesMicrosoft SharedWeb Server Extensions$env:spVerBINpsconfig.exe"

  91. Craig Bonvechio says:

    This may be obvious to a more experience SP admin but you need to download both CAB files as well as the EXE to run this script. It will run without them just finish successfully in minutes and do nothing. With the cab files it actually works.

    Still the worst product MS has ever created but your script narrows that margin a little lol thanks!

  92. Sushanta says:

    Article for SharePoint Farm patching with it's DR (Hot Standby) with SQL Server AlwaysOn: The current version on my SharePoint 2013 + Project Server 2013 enterprise is RTM and I want to update this to 2014 September CU for both SharePoint and Project Server. While there are documentation available on the SharePoint Farm upgrade which also included the DR farm (in my case hot stand by) for the SQL server log shipping mechanism blogs.msdn.com/…/patching-sharep…, I could not find any reference or article on SharePoint patching on a SQL Server 2012 AlwaysOn setup with Asynchronous commit. Although there is an article which says AlwaysOn Asynchronous replication is supported by SharePoint 2013, but in terms of SharePoint patching and what should be the approach nothing that I can find of. If you are aware of any article, preferably Microsoft article or any blog post giving information on the above, please let me know. Thanks in advance, Sushanta

  93. GB says:

    Hi, I wonder if any of the stopped sevices are needed by the upgrade process. Doesn't it use web service calls, or the Server Object Model, or SharePoint cmdlets that put things in SharePoint job queue? It's just plain binary replacement and DB modifications?

  94. Mark Fenwick says:

    Hi Russ, great script, but I think I am doing something wrong.

    When I press 1 to pause Search, it just sits at pausing, this make take a few minutes. Looking at the service in Central Admin, it shows Paused:External Request, but the script never seems to continue. It's like there's no logic in the scipr to check the search application is now paused.

    What have I done wrong?


  95. Faye Jasman says:

    Wow, why didn't I find this earlier?  This script was a lifesaver!  Thank you so much

  96. Jan Gremmen says:

    Hi Russ, i have used your script in combination with the September 2015 CU and the script runs fine. The problem is that when i run the SP Config wizard now it complains and tells me IIS is not installed.

    IIS is installed, its started, the World Wide web services are started. When i look into the Services, i don't see any SharePoint service anymore???

    SharePoint Administration, Search Host controller, Server Search 15, Timer Service, Tracing service , User Code Host and vSS Writer are completely missing.

    Rebooted the box a couple of times and had a look into MSCONFIG to see which services are running and what i do see is that for example the SharePoint Admin service is stopped but i cannot start it.

    Any idea what could be wrong? I tried to run the script once more but it tells me there is no need as no additional updates can be applied. CA is not showing any errors, but of course i need to run the wizard.???

    Hope someone has an idea


  97. Toumani says:

    Thanks so much for your work

  98. SR says:

    Hi Russ,

    I am trying to install Aug 2015 CU.

    Initially it was stuck after pausing crawl and I waited and waited for hours and it did not come back.

    Second I cancelled the script.

    Restart the box to make it work normally and it worked.

    Then I stopped services one by one as script is doing

    Finally install the Aug 2015 package and its been 2 hours and pkg is still extracting it.

    It is 5:30pm here and I am leaving it and hoping that by tomorrow morning; it will be installed.

    So your script could not save my time. Please advise.

  99. UNKNOWN says:

    One stupid question.

    Is it required to run SharePoint Product Configuration Wizard after CU installation?


  100. Sam Olesen says:

    @Jan Gremmen, the script does not properly start the "IIS Admin Service" after the September 2015 CU and makes the "Start" button in "Services" greyed out.

    To start it after the script has run, go to "Services", right click "IIS Admin Service", set startup type to be "Automatic". You should now be able to start the service (right click and click Start) and run PSConfig.

  101. Erik says:

    @UNKNOWN yes you need to run the configuration wizard in order to actually apply the upgrade to the databases. If you look in Central Administration under Manage servers in this farm you'll see "Upgrade required" for your SharePoint server(s), and there might even be a link with instructions.

  102. Pauli says:

    The script fails on the line:

     Start-Process $filename

    With error:  

     "Cannot convert 'System.Object[]' to the type 'System.String' required by parameter 'FilePath'. Specified method is not supported."

    Perhaps some difference in PowerShell versions?

  103. TZ says:

    Same Problem here starting with

    Start-Process : Cannot convert 'System.Object[]' to the type 'System.String' required by parameter 'FilePath'. Specified method is not supported.

    At C:installCU_2015DecSharePoint_Patching.ps1:141 char:15

    and continous with

    get-process : Cannot find a process with the name "xwizard". Verify the process name and call the cmdlet again.

    At C:installCU_2015DecSharePoint_Patching.ps1:144 char:10

  104. TZ says:

    I think I just found my error. The Get-ChildItem was executed was executed in system32 and not in Scripting Folder.

  105. Aaron Kelley says:

    Thanks for this…  Setting up a new SharePoint instance and patching it, I had a patch that was running for two hours and didn't seem to be doing anything.  After cancelling and wrapping it in this script, it finished in mere minutes.

  106. Dave Crosby says:

    Very helpful- Thanks!

    Just a question on patching multiple servers – what's the sequence? Would you manually pause the SSA on the first search server to be patched, patch all search servers, then manually start the SSA? Or other suggestions?

  107. Alex Seliv says:

    Very interesting and helpful, thank you for sharing the information!

  108. Kamil says:


    In the script you are disabling IISAdmin Service and then You do the IISreset stop -noforce.

    But IISReset is not only for IISAdmin Service. It includes 4 more. Hence, for patch installation is it enough to disable and stop IISAdmin Service only?

    Or should all services running under IISREset be stopped?

    That is question which i cannot find answer for.

    In my opinion disabling and stopping IISAdmin Service should be enough

  109. mcom92 says:

    @TZ  How did you correct this "I think I just found my error. The Get-ChildItem was executed was executed in system32 and not in Scripting Folder."

  110. mcom92 says:

    @TZ and anyone else having trouble here.

    adding the below "cd C:scripts" solved my problem and allowed the remaining script and patch to run successfully.

    cd C:scripts

    $patchfile = Get-ChildItem | where{$_.Extension -eq ".exe"}

    if($patchfile -eq $null)

  111. kumar says:

    Just an update from my testing. The script installed the CU successfully. Post installation, we should run the PS configuration wizard to

    • SharePoint Configuration Wizard updates the database schema to the latest version

    But,  unfortunately the wizard failed in step-9 and I re-run the script but still the same. I don't find anything weird in the logs. Anybody had the similar experience. Please provide your comments.  

  112. Andrei C says:

    Dave Crosby,

    In order to update SP on multiple Search servers, you could follow the procedure on the following article:



  113. ronan22 says:

    Hello Guys,

    I wanna let you know, we got a configuration wizard error message after installation. Like  above comment. Please shed a light.


  114. Dave Crosby says:

    There are so many reasons that can happen – you have to get the error from the Upgrade-error.log file and troubleshoot that. If you don't see the Udate-error.log file in the log folder, then run the PSCONFIG from the command line. Sometimes the GUI doesn't generate the log. If still no log, check your diagnostic logging levels. If you get an error running either PSCONFIG or PSCONFIGUI – ALWAYS try running it again, and again. If you're upgrading multiple servers in the farm run it on all servers, then again on the one that failed.

  115. Chanty says:

    I've seen a few folks ask this but no response – Can you execute this script on multiple servers at the same time, then run the PSCONFIG on each server?

  116. Topher S says:

    After using my own script for a while I found this one to be more helpful. The one thing that I was surprised  by was that a few CUs have failed due to the fact that IIS could not be started because the script disabled the service. I'm not familiar enough with the CUs process but it seems to try to start the services before the script re-enables them.

  117. David C says:

    This script stops and disables the OSearch15 service and later re-enables it and starts it again.

    On every SharePoint 2013 farm I have looked at, the default state of the OSearch15 service is either Disabled (if it's a WFE) or Manual (if it's a search server).

    This script sets the OSearch15 service to Automatic rather than Manual when it finishes, and therefore leaves the server in a fundamentally different state than when it started.  This seems wrong to me.  I'm not suggesting that it is a huge deal, but I am not comfortable with it making this change.  It should set the service start-up type back to the way it was originally.

  118. David Crosby says:


    I had the same question. The answer is it depends on how you want the Search Service Application to be handled. If you have multiple servers running the Search Service (which runs on individual servers) the script prompts to start and stop the Search Service Application (which applies to the whole farm). That can be confusing. I stop the SSA on the first farm I patch, and then start it again on the last farm I patch.

    I wrote my own variation of the script that separates the process out so I can do the 3 steps manually (stop, install, start) – that's less confusing for me with a multi-server farm and gives me greater control. I also added a feature to display the current state of all the services, and saves it to disk so you can reboot without losing the original state of the services. Then running it in display mode compares the current state with the original state.


  119. Mahdi says:

    @David Crosby

    Thanks to Russ and all others for sharing the information.

    We intended to install the latest CU in our UAT environment and we have multiple servers in the farm and I was thinking the same, how to use this script in multiple servers which one to start first?

    Could you please share your script and which server to start with.


  120. Dave Crosby says:


    I patch in this order: 1) Central Admin server, 2) Search Servers, 3) Other Application Servers, 4) WFEs.

    If you have redundant search servers, spit them into groups according to where the indexes live so there is always one available. The principal for choosing the order is, start with the critical servers first and work down to the least important.

    You can find my SharePoint Services Manager script in the gallery:  gallery.technet.microsoft.com/…/SharePoint-Manager-6a6e14c8

    Hope it helps!

  121. Skhumbuzo says:

    Thank you. I went through the "normal" installation once for SP 1 SharePoint 2013… it took 3.5 hours. found this script, it took less than 30 minutes.. just, wow… but thank you very much… very useful and easy to understand.

  122. Krish says:

    This worked then, This works now. Cant just feel better to come over here and say thanks to you, Again !!

    17 minutes and it is done.

    Awesome. !!!!

  123. David Crosby says:

    @Krish – 17 minutes? Really? does that include running PSCONFIG, or just the patch installation? I'm surprised it would finish that fast – but if so, AWESOME!


  124. John Wills says:

    45 minutes for us which obviously doesn't include PSCONFIG time.  Thanks for the resource and shame on me for not checking this out earlier.

    1. ronan22 says:


      We have got the below error when runnning the PS config wizard though the script is successful. Please fine below…Help us..

      Failed to upgrade SharePoint Products.

      An exception of type System.DirectoryServices.DirectoryServicesCOMException was
      thrown. Additional exception information: The service cannot be started, either
      because it is disabled or because it has no enabled devices associated with it.

      Total number of configuration settings run: 3
      Total number of successful configuration settings: 2
      Total number of unsuccessful configuration settings: 1
      Successfully stopped the configuration of SharePoint Products.
      Configuration of SharePoint Products failed. Configuration must be performed be
      fore you use SharePoint Products. For further details, see the diagnostic log l
      ocated at C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\Web Server Extensions\1
      5\LOGS\PSCDiagnostics_3_28_2016_6_42_10_771_632310512.log and the application ev
      ent log.

  125. John Wills says:

    I finally got around to trying this today. 30 minutes to install the April 2016 CU on my 4 server farm at home. At work, it took 3 1/2 hours.

  126. Mick says:

    Thanks a lot Russ: from 6 hours to 10 minutes! 🙂

  127. hkv says:

    nice man. used to take me 4hrs to install those bits. Now, 20 mins. Script works like a charm.

  128. SAllen MCSD says:

    I have used the script several times on a SharePoint 2013 farm and it always works without a hitch. It has saved me countless hours.

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