Continuing my brief departure from my normal IIS-related blogs and looking at Office Outlook again, today's blog looks at cleaning up your calendar. If you read my previous blog about Moving Emails Into Personal Folders, you would have read about my need to clean up my mail folders because I was running out of room on my Exchange server. A short time before that situation I had run into a different issue: I was looking through my calendar and I discovered that I had several meetings in my calendar that were from many years ago - in fact, I had a few meetings in my calendar that were well over ten years old!
The thought of searching through all of my calendar entries from the past several years and manually removing all of my old appointments did not sound like a great way to spend the day, so I decided to write a macro to clean up my old appointments.
The main logic that I used for my macro can be broken down into three parts:
- If a non-reoccurring appointment is over a year old, it will be deleted.
- If a non-reoccurring appointment is over six months old, all attachments will be deleted from the appointment.
- If a non-reoccurring appointment is over two months old, any large (greater than ½ MB) attachments will be deleted from the appointment.
This macro has helped me tremendously to keep my calendar a little more manageable.
Copying some of the text from my previous blog entry, to create a macro in Outlook 2007, click on Tools, then Macro, then Visual Basic Editor. Once the Microsoft Visual Basic window opens, expand the project folders until you see ThisOutlookSession, then double-click that to open the Visual Basic Editor.
I am using Outlook 2010, so to create a macro I needed to click on the Developer tab on the ribbon, then click on the Visual Basic icon.
Once the Visual Basic editor opens, paste in the following code:
Sub DeleteOldAppointments() ' See http://support.microsoft.com/kb/285202 for Outlook constants. ' Declare all variables. Dim objOutlook As Outlook.Application Dim objNamespace As Outlook.NameSpace Dim objFolder As Outlook.MAPIFolder Dim objAppointment As Outlook.AppointmentItem Dim objAttachment As Outlook.Attachment Dim objVariant As Variant Dim lngDeletedAppointments As Long Dim lngCleanedAppointments As Long Dim lngCleanedAttachments As Long Dim intCount As Integer Dim intDateDiff As Integer ' Create an object for the Outlook application. Set objOutlook = Application ' Retrieve an object for the MAPI namespace. Set objNamespace = objOutlook.GetNamespace("MAPI") ' Retrieve a folder object for the default calendar folder. Set objFolder = objNamespace.GetDefaultFolder(olFolderCalendar) ' Loop through the items in the folder. NOTE: This has to ' be done backwards; if you process forwards you have to ' re-run the macro an inverese exponential number of times. For intCount = objFolder.Items.Count To 1 Step -1 ' Retrieve an object from the folder. Set objVariant = objFolder.Items.Item(intCount) ' Allow the system to process. (Helps you to cancel the ' macro, or continue to use Outlook in the background.) DoEvents ' Filter objects for appointments/meetings. If objVariant.Class = olAppointment Then ' Create an appointment object from the current object. Set objAppointment = objVariant ' This is optional, but it helps me to see in the ' debug window where the macro is currently at. Debug.Print objAppointment.Start ' Calculate the difference in days between ' now and the date of the calendar object. intDateDiff = DateDiff("d", objAppointment.Start, Now) ' Look for year-old non-recurring appointments. If intDateDiff > 365 And objAppointment.RecurrenceState = olApptNotRecurring Then ' Delete the appointment. objAppointment.Delete ' Increment the count of deleted appointments. lngDeletedAppointments = lngDeletedAppointments + 1 ' Delete attachments from 6-month-old non-recurring appointments. ElseIf intDateDiff > 180 And objAppointment.RecurrenceState = olApptNotRecurring Then ' Test if the calendar object has attachments. If objAppointment.Attachments.Count > 0 Then ' Loop through the attachments collection. While objAppointment.Attachments.Count > 0 ' Delete the current attachment. objAppointment.Attachments.Remove 1 ' Increment the count of deleted attachments. lngCleanedAttachments = lngCleanedAttachments + 1 Wend ' Increment the count of cleaned appointments. lngCleanedAppointments = lngCleanedAppointments + 1 End If ' Delete large attachments from 60-day-old appointments. ElseIf intDateDiff > 60 Then ' Test if the calendar object has attachments. If objAppointment.Attachments.Count > 0 Then ' Loop through the attachments collection. For Each objAttachment In objAppointment.Attachments ' Test if the attachment is too large. If objAttachment.Size > 500000 Then ' Delete the current attachment. objAttachment.Delete ' Increment the count of deleted attachments. lngCleanedAttachments = lngCleanedAttachments + 1 End If Next ' Increment the count of cleaned appointments. lngCleanedAppointments = lngCleanedAppointments + 1 End If End If End If Next ' Display the number of calendar objects that were cleaned or deleted. MsgBox "Deleted " & lngDeletedAppointments & " appointment(s)." & vbCrLf & _ "Cleaned " & lngCleanedAppointments & " appointment(s)." & vbCrLf & _ "Deleted " & lngCleanedAttachments & " attachment(s)." End Sub
When you run this macro, it will loop through all the non-reoccurring appointments in you calendar and remove any appointments or attachments based that match the criteria that I mentioned previously, and the macro will display the following message when it has completed:
(Note: I refer to "cleaning" an appointment as scanning through the appointment and looking for any attachments to remove.)
Customizations and Conclusions
Once again, I use a few Outlook constants in this macro, and you can look at http://support.microsoft.com/kb/285202 for a large list of Outlook constants that you can use if you want to customize the macro.
There are two primary customizations that I can think of that you might want to consider for this macro:
- You can easily change the time intervals that the macro uses - you'll notice that I chose 365, 180, and 60 days for the intervals in my version of the macro, but you might want to modify those for your specific situation.
- You can also change the "large" attachment size from 500,000 bytes (½ MB) to a size that is larger or smaller, depending on your mailbox situation.
I hope this helps. ;-]