Tipp: Azure-Regionen per PowerShell auflisten


Welche Regionen können für virtuelle Maschinen (VMs) oder Speicherkonten in Microsoft Azure genutzt werden? Natürlich kann man hier in der Dokumentation nachsehen. Zum Beispiel ist dies im Vertrauenscenter (engl. Trust Center) möglich: http://azure.microsoft.com/de-de/support/trust-center/privacy/.

Automatisiert per PowerShell geht dies mit dem Befehl Get-AzureLocation, welcher uns den internen Namen für Skripte liefert, sowie weitere Informationen wie der Anzeigename, verfügbare Dienste, verfügbare Redundanzoptionen für Speicherkonten und die pro Region verfügbaren Instanzgrößen für Web- und Workerrollen sowie virtuelle Maschinen.

Das folgende Beispiel zeigt die komplette Ausgabe von Get-AzureLocation. Weiter unten zeige ich ein Beispiel, das die Ausgabe auf die wesentlichen Informationen reduziert.

Das sind wahrscheinlich mehr Informationen, als wir normalerweise brauchen. Also reduzieren wir im folgenden Beispiel die Ausgabe auf die wichtigsten Informationen.

Weitere Informationen

PowerShell: Azure-Automatisierung für Einsteiger (Microsoft Virtual Academy)

Grundlagen: Azure & PowerShell: VMs erstellen (MSDN Blogs)

Microsoft Azure Vertrauenscenter (Trust Center)

Skripte

Für den Fall, dass die Skripte auf GitHub Gist nicht aufrufbar sind, sind diese hier noch einmal unformatiert aufgeführt.

Komplette Ausgabe von Get-AzureLocation

Get-AzureLocation

 

<# Output

DisplayName : West Europe

Name : West Europe

AvailableServices : {Compute, Storage, PersistentVMRole, HighMemory}

WebWorkerRoleSizes : {A5, A6, A7, A8, A9, ExtraLarge, ExtraSmall, Large, Medium, Small, Standard_D1, Standard_D11, Standard_D12,

Standard_D13, Standard_D14, Standard_D2, Standard_D3, Standard_D4}

VirtualMachineRoleSizes : {A5, A6, A7, A8, A9, Basic_A0, Basic_A1, Basic_A2, Basic_A3, Basic_A4, ExtraLarge, ExtraSmall, Large, Medium, Small,

Standard_D1, Standard_D11, Standard_D12, Standard_D13, Standard_D14, Standard_D2, Standard_D3, Standard_D4}

StorageAccountTypes : {Standard_LRS, Standard_ZRS, Standard_GRS, Standard_RAGRS}

OperationDescription : Get-AzureLocation

OperationId : f657aedd-2136-5e6a-a951-5426c056158f

OperationStatus : Succeeded

DisplayName : North Europe

Name : North Europe

AvailableServices : {Compute, Storage, PersistentVMRole, HighMemory}

WebWorkerRoleSizes : {A5, A6, A7, A8, A9, ExtraLarge, ExtraSmall, Large, Medium, Small, Standard_D1, Standard_D11, Standard_D12,

Standard_D13, Standard_D14, Standard_D2, Standard_D3, Standard_D4}

VirtualMachineRoleSizes : {A5, A6, A7, A8, A9, Basic_A0, Basic_A1, Basic_A2, Basic_A3, Basic_A4, ExtraLarge, ExtraSmall, Large, Medium, Small,

Standard_D1, Standard_D11, Standard_D12, Standard_D13, Standard_D14, Standard_D2, Standard_D3, Standard_D4}

StorageAccountTypes : {Standard_LRS, Standard_ZRS, Standard_GRS, Standard_RAGRS}

OperationDescription : Get-AzureLocation

OperationId : f657aedd-2136-5e6a-a951-5426c056158f

OperationStatus : Succeeded

DisplayName : East US 2

Name : East US 2

AvailableServices : {Compute, Storage, PersistentVMRole, HighMemory}

WebWorkerRoleSizes : {A5, A6, A7, ExtraLarge, ExtraSmall, Large, Medium, Small, Standard_D1, Standard_D11, Standard_D12, Standard_D13,

Standard_D14, Standard_D2, Standard_D3, Standard_D4}

VirtualMachineRoleSizes : {A5, A6, A7, Basic_A0, Basic_A1, Basic_A2, Basic_A3, Basic_A4, ExtraLarge, ExtraSmall, Large, Medium, Small,

Standard_D1, Standard_D11, Standard_D12, Standard_D13, Standard_D14, Standard_D2, Standard_D3, Standard_D4}

StorageAccountTypes : {Standard_LRS, Standard_ZRS, Standard_GRS, Standard_RAGRS}

OperationDescription : Get-AzureLocation

OperationId : f657aedd-2136-5e6a-a951-5426c056158f

OperationStatus : Succeeded

DisplayName : Central US

Name : Central US

AvailableServices : {Compute, Storage, PersistentVMRole, HighMemory}

WebWorkerRoleSizes : {A5, A6, A7, ExtraLarge, ExtraSmall, Large, Medium, Small, Standard_D1, Standard_D11, Standard_D12, Standard_D13,

Standard_D14, Standard_D2, Standard_D3, Standard_D4}

VirtualMachineRoleSizes : {A5, A6, A7, Basic_A0, Basic_A1, Basic_A2, Basic_A3, Basic_A4, ExtraLarge, ExtraSmall, Large, Medium, Small,

Standard_D1, Standard_D11, Standard_D12, Standard_D13, Standard_D14, Standard_D2, Standard_D3, Standard_D4}

StorageAccountTypes : {Standard_LRS, Standard_ZRS, Standard_GRS, Standard_RAGRS}

OperationDescription : Get-AzureLocation

OperationId : f657aedd-2136-5e6a-a951-5426c056158f

OperationStatus : Succeeded

DisplayName : South Central US

Name : South Central US

AvailableServices : {Compute, Storage, PersistentVMRole, HighMemory}

WebWorkerRoleSizes : {A5, A6, A7, A8, A9, ExtraLarge, ExtraSmall, Large, Medium, Small, Standard_D1, Standard_D11, Standard_D12,

Standard_D13, Standard_D14, Standard_D2, Standard_D3, Standard_D4}

VirtualMachineRoleSizes : {A5, A6, A7, A8, A9, Basic_A0, Basic_A1, Basic_A2, Basic_A3, Basic_A4, ExtraLarge, ExtraSmall, Large, Medium, Small,

Standard_D1, Standard_D11, Standard_D12, Standard_D13, Standard_D14, Standard_D2, Standard_D3, Standard_D4}

StorageAccountTypes : {Standard_LRS, Standard_ZRS, Standard_GRS, Standard_RAGRS}

OperationDescription : Get-AzureLocation

OperationId : f657aedd-2136-5e6a-a951-5426c056158f

OperationStatus : Succeeded

DisplayName : West US

Name : West US

AvailableServices : {Compute, Storage, PersistentVMRole, HighMemory}

WebWorkerRoleSizes : {A5, A6, A7, A8, A9, ExtraLarge, ExtraSmall, Large, Medium, Small, Standard_D1, Standard_D11, Standard_D12,

Standard_D13, Standard_D14, Standard_D2, Standard_D3, Standard_D4}

VirtualMachineRoleSizes : {A5, A6, A7, A8, A9, Basic_A0, Basic_A1, Basic_A2, Basic_A3, Basic_A4, ExtraLarge, ExtraSmall, Large, Medium, Small,

Standard_D1, Standard_D11, Standard_D12, Standard_D13, Standard_D14, Standard_D2, Standard_D3, Standard_D4}

StorageAccountTypes : {Standard_LRS, Standard_ZRS, Standard_GRS, Standard_RAGRS}

OperationDescription : Get-AzureLocation

OperationId : f657aedd-2136-5e6a-a951-5426c056158f

OperationStatus : Succeeded

DisplayName : North Central US

Name : North Central US

AvailableServices : {Compute, Storage, PersistentVMRole, HighMemory}

WebWorkerRoleSizes : {A5, A6, A7, A8, A9, ExtraLarge, ExtraSmall, Large, Medium, Small, Standard_D1, Standard_D11, Standard_D12,

Standard_D13, Standard_D14, Standard_D2, Standard_D3, Standard_D4}

VirtualMachineRoleSizes : {A5, A6, A7, A8, A9, Basic_A0, Basic_A1, Basic_A2, Basic_A3, Basic_A4, ExtraLarge, ExtraSmall, Large, Medium, Small,

Standard_D1, Standard_D11, Standard_D12, Standard_D13, Standard_D14, Standard_D2, Standard_D3, Standard_D4}

StorageAccountTypes : {Standard_LRS, Standard_ZRS, Standard_GRS, Standard_RAGRS}

OperationDescription : Get-AzureLocation

OperationId : f657aedd-2136-5e6a-a951-5426c056158f

OperationStatus : Succeeded

DisplayName : East US

Name : East US

AvailableServices : {Compute, Storage, PersistentVMRole, HighMemory}

WebWorkerRoleSizes : {A5, A6, A7, A8, A9, ExtraLarge, ExtraSmall, Large, Medium, Small, Standard_D1, Standard_D11, Standard_D12,

Standard_D13, Standard_D14, Standard_D2, Standard_D3, Standard_D4}

VirtualMachineRoleSizes : {A5, A6, A7, A8, A9, Basic_A0, Basic_A1, Basic_A2, Basic_A3, Basic_A4, ExtraLarge, ExtraSmall, Large, Medium, Small,

Standard_D1, Standard_D11, Standard_D12, Standard_D13, Standard_D14, Standard_D2, Standard_D3, Standard_D4}

StorageAccountTypes : {Standard_LRS, Standard_ZRS, Standard_GRS, Standard_RAGRS}

OperationDescription : Get-AzureLocation

OperationId : f657aedd-2136-5e6a-a951-5426c056158f

OperationStatus : Succeeded

DisplayName : Southeast Asia

Name : Southeast Asia

AvailableServices : {Compute, Storage, PersistentVMRole, HighMemory}

WebWorkerRoleSizes : {A5, A6, A7, ExtraLarge, ExtraSmall, Large, Medium, Small, Standard_D1, Standard_D11, Standard_D12, Standard_D13,

Standard_D14, Standard_D2, Standard_D3, Standard_D4}

VirtualMachineRoleSizes : {A5, A6, A7, Basic_A0, Basic_A1, Basic_A2, Basic_A3, Basic_A4, ExtraLarge, ExtraSmall, Large, Medium, Small,

Standard_D1, Standard_D11, Standard_D12, Standard_D13, Standard_D14, Standard_D2, Standard_D3, Standard_D4}

StorageAccountTypes : {Standard_LRS, Standard_ZRS, Standard_GRS, Standard_RAGRS}

OperationDescription : Get-AzureLocation

OperationId : f657aedd-2136-5e6a-a951-5426c056158f

OperationStatus : Succeeded

DisplayName : East Asia

Name : East Asia

AvailableServices : {Compute, Storage, PersistentVMRole, HighMemory}

WebWorkerRoleSizes : {A5, A6, A7, ExtraLarge, ExtraSmall, Large, Medium, Small, Standard_D1, Standard_D11, Standard_D12, Standard_D13,

Standard_D14, Standard_D2, Standard_D3, Standard_D4}

VirtualMachineRoleSizes : {A5, A6, A7, Basic_A0, Basic_A1, Basic_A2, Basic_A3, Basic_A4, ExtraLarge, ExtraSmall, Large, Medium, Small,

Standard_D1, Standard_D11, Standard_D12, Standard_D13, Standard_D14, Standard_D2, Standard_D3, Standard_D4}

StorageAccountTypes : {Standard_LRS, Standard_ZRS, Standard_GRS, Standard_RAGRS}

OperationDescription : Get-AzureLocation

OperationId : f657aedd-2136-5e6a-a951-5426c056158f

OperationStatus : Succeeded

DisplayName : Japan West

Name : Japan West

AvailableServices : {Compute, Storage, PersistentVMRole, HighMemory}

WebWorkerRoleSizes : {A5, A6, A7, ExtraLarge, ExtraSmall, Large, Medium, Small, Standard_D1, Standard_D11, Standard_D12, Standard_D13,

Standard_D14, Standard_D2, Standard_D3, Standard_D4}

VirtualMachineRoleSizes : {A5, A6, A7, Basic_A0, Basic_A1, Basic_A2, Basic_A3, Basic_A4, ExtraLarge, ExtraSmall, Large, Medium, Small,

Standard_D1, Standard_D11, Standard_D12, Standard_D13, Standard_D14, Standard_D2, Standard_D3, Standard_D4}

StorageAccountTypes : {Standard_LRS, Standard_ZRS, Standard_GRS, Standard_RAGRS}

OperationDescription : Get-AzureLocation

OperationId : f657aedd-2136-5e6a-a951-5426c056158f

OperationStatus : Succeeded

DisplayName : Japan East

Name : Japan East

AvailableServices : {Compute, Storage, PersistentVMRole, HighMemory}

WebWorkerRoleSizes : {A5, A6, A7, A8, A9, ExtraLarge, ExtraSmall, Large, Medium, Small, Standard_D1, Standard_D11, Standard_D12,

Standard_D13, Standard_D14, Standard_D2, Standard_D3, Standard_D4}

VirtualMachineRoleSizes : {A5, A6, A7, A8, A9, Basic_A0, Basic_A1, Basic_A2, Basic_A3, Basic_A4, ExtraLarge, ExtraSmall, Large, Medium, Small,

Standard_D1, Standard_D11, Standard_D12, Standard_D13, Standard_D14, Standard_D2, Standard_D3, Standard_D4}

StorageAccountTypes : {Standard_LRS, Standard_ZRS, Standard_GRS, Standard_RAGRS}

OperationDescription : Get-AzureLocation

OperationId : f657aedd-2136-5e6a-a951-5426c056158f

OperationStatus : Succeeded

DisplayName : Brazil South

Name : Brazil South

AvailableServices : {Compute, Storage, PersistentVMRole, HighMemory}

WebWorkerRoleSizes : {A5, A6, A7, ExtraLarge, ExtraSmall, Large, Medium, Small}

VirtualMachineRoleSizes : {A5, A6, A7, Basic_A0, Basic_A1, Basic_A2, Basic_A3, Basic_A4, ExtraLarge, ExtraSmall, Large, Medium, Small}

StorageAccountTypes : {Standard_LRS, Standard_ZRS, Standard_GRS, Standard_RAGRS}

OperationDescription : Get-AzureLocation

OperationId : f657aedd-2136-5e6a-a951-5426c056158f

OperationStatus : Succeeded

#>

Formatierte Ausgabe von Get-AzureLocation

Get-AzureLocation | Format-Table -Property Name, AvailableServices -AutoSize

 

<# Output

Name AvailableServices

---- -----------------

West Europe {Compute, Storage, PersistentVMRole, HighMemory}

North Europe {Compute, Storage, PersistentVMRole, HighMemory}

East US 2 {Compute, Storage, PersistentVMRole, HighMemory}

Central US {Compute, Storage, PersistentVMRole, HighMemory}

South Central US {Compute, Storage, PersistentVMRole, HighMemory}

West US {Compute, Storage, PersistentVMRole, HighMemory}

North Central US {Compute, Storage, PersistentVMRole, HighMemory}

East US {Compute, Storage, PersistentVMRole, HighMemory}

Southeast Asia {Compute, Storage, PersistentVMRole, HighMemory}

East Asia {Compute, Storage, PersistentVMRole, HighMemory}

Japan West {Compute, Storage, PersistentVMRole, HighMemory}

Japan East {Compute, Storage, PersistentVMRole, HighMemory}

Brazil South {Compute, Storage, PersistentVMRole, HighMemory}

#>

English Summary

For automatic creation of VMs and storage accounts you need to know, what locations (Azure Regions) you can use. The PowerShell command Get-AzureLocation gives you all regions together with a lot of meta data.

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