As a follow up from my last post about Global Container vs. Injected Context, I would like to share this snippet from Component Software, which casts the difference between the two approaches in another light:
"A software component is a unit of composition with contractually specified interfaces and explicit context dependencies only. …"
Under this definition, the ControllerProvider based upon an Injected Context is a component, because it publishes its (admittedly broad) context dependency explicitly, via its constructor parameter.
BadControllerProvider, based upon a Global Container, is not a component under this definition because its dependency on the global container is not explicit (you need to have source code in order to find it.)
In my opinion, the distinction is significant because "components" and "wiring" are a higher-level abstraction than "classes" and "references".
In composite applications, an architecture will be more robust and easier to understand if these layers of abstraction are respected, and not tangled up in classes like BadControllerProvider.
(Component Software is a very worthwhile read and contains a lot of relevant material for those interested in IoC containers and other composition technologies. Clemens Szyperski is a mentor and highly influential voice for the MEF team.)