How to configure WIT OM on a web application?


I see various questions on configuration difficulties in using Workitem OM in web application. Unfortunately workitem object model is not yet optimized for web scenarios and it still uses a cache per user. So implementing security gets tricky. I wrote below document a while back and Pete also posted it as attachment for me, but am posting here in blog so that it comes up in search engine for those looking for answer.


See here for an example of using WIT OM in as datasource: and 


How to configure WIT OM on a web application?



This document describes how to configure web applications to use work item tracking OM. This document assumes the web application is created in Asp.Net using IIS 6.


1)      Decide on physical architecture:


Possibilities are:

-          Web Application (WebApp) and Application Tier (AT) are in same machine

-          WebApp and AT are in different machine.


WIT OM needs to run under connecting user’s credentials so it needs to run under impersonation. If WebApp and AT are in same box then impersonation will work fine without additional configuration.


If WebApp and AT in different boxes, then it can be implemented using two options below:


-          Using Constrained Delegation: Both WebApp and AT connection can work under impersonated account if constrained delegation is enabled over AT’s port 80 on soap over http. See article in this link for details on constrained delegation and setup steps.

-          Using OWA like Forms authentication: Similar to OWA, user’s credentials can be obtained using a web form and used to connect to WIT OM and AT. To implement this, check the sample code on appendix and configure the server in same way as WebApp being on AT.


See here for an easy-to-understand article on delegation and impersonation:


2)      Enable Integration Authentication


Set the directory security for the Web application to Integrated Windows authentication and turn off anonymous access. For step-by-step details, check the appendix below.


3)      Configure WIT Cache folder


To use WIT OM on a web site, you need to configure WebApp so that it uses the shared administrative data cache directory. You should configure WIT-OM to use this directory because impersonated connecting users do not normally have their user profile loaded. OM places the administrative data cache in the USERPROFILE\Local Settings\Application Data\Microsoft\Team Foundation\1.0\Cache directory by default. Another reason to configure PSOM to use the shared administrative cache directory is to avoid the waste of disk space and virtual memory space that occurs when you cache the same administrative data for each connecting user.


Create a folder in WebApp machine. For the web application’s web.config file, add key WorkItemTrackingCacheRoot with value of cache folder in appSettings. Example below:





        <add key="WorkItemTrackingCacheRoot" value="E:\FolderForCache" />




4)      Enable ASP.NET impersonation


Skip this step if you are using Forms authentication. In order to use connecting user’s context, the call to the WIT AT needs to happen on a thread that is impersonating the web client.


Add the following section to web.config file of your web application:


<identity impersonate="true" ></identity>


Another option is to change .aspx pages to ASP compatibility mode. This will force ASP.NET to initialize its worker threads in a apartment threading model. This will make WIT OM to execute in the same thread as the thread that impersonates the web client:

<%@ Page aspcompat=true ….


5)      Create profile for service account if using Forms Authentication


If you are using Form’s Authentication to get user’s credentials using an OWA like form, then the service account that the webapp runs under needs to have a profile. This is needed to write registry entries. Login once into the WebApp box using service account.


6)      Enable read/write access to Temporary ASP.NET files for Authenticated Users


If impersonation is used, ASP.NET is going to impersonate the clients. The accounts that are impersonated need to have read/write access to %SystemRoot%\Microsoft.NET\Framework\<version>\Temporary ASP.NET files directory.


7)      Run web app under dedicated application pool


Create a dedicated application pool for your Web application and change identity of the application pool to a domain account. For information about how to create an application pool for a Web application and change the identity of the application pool, see Appendix below.


8)      Add service account under IIS_WPG group


Add the domain account that you used when you set the identity of the application pool to the IIS_WPG group. For information about how to add an account to a group such as IIS_WPG, see appendix.


9)      Connect to AT using full URI of AT


WIT OM running in WebApp does not have information of how friendly names correspond to URI of AT, hence in code, connect using URI such as http://<server-name>:<port>.



Recommendations on using WorkItemStore object in web:


Creating WorkItemStore objects is costly because 1) it makes a DB call to get metadata cache changes and 2) creates many data structures and creates logical map of metadata in memory. Hence it is a good idea to cache WorkItemStore objects in session scope per user session. WorkItemStore pooling techniques could also be used. Caching it in application or page scope has below issues:


Application Scope: OM calls are blocked on single lock in work item store and hence all calls are serialized per store. Hence using single work item store per applications would have big performance implication as all db/om calls will get serialized. Also, each user will have different security profiles and using same store for users of different security profiles is not tested.


Page Scope: Creating workitemstore instances per page is costly because of costs specified above. However this may be good solution for certain applications.



Known Issues to watch out for:


(Update on 5/8/07)

Getting exception “Requested registry access is not allowed” when connecting with impersonation:


This bug was reported and we are investigating a fix. We do not have a consisten repro yet. Workaround for now is to give all connecting users read access to the registry key in machine for resolving server names. The key name is HKEY_USERS\.Default\Software\Microsoft\VisualStudio\8.0\TeamFoundation\Servers. See this forum post.


(Update on 9/15/06)
If You get error 'Cannot pass GCHandle across AppDomain':


I thought it is worth mentioning below excerpt from (thanks to Buck for pointing it out). I haven't verified it, but this makes sense. For further details such as hotfix status, check (Update on 6/27/07) We made a fix for this in SP1, but still below apply as it is related to ASP.Net. We also noticed that having a dedicated app pool for webaccess resolves this for some customers. This error occures when there are more than one app domains within a process.

Whenever you create an instance of the WorkItemStore class, a cache is create on the local disk. By default this local folder is located in the current users profile. This works fine whenever you use the API in a winforms application, but not for an ASP.NET application. ASP.NET applications run under the NETWORK SERVICE by default and that profile is inaccessible.

To change this default behaviour, you can set WorkItemTrackingCacheRoot property of the TeamFoundationServer instance in code or in your configuration file's appSettings section.

But, setting the cache on local disk incurs some risk to. Whenever you set the cache to a folder inside the website's virtual directory you will encounter the following error each second call to the workitem store: 'Cannot pass GCHandle across AppDomain'. This issue is caused by an unmanaged component called CProdStudio, which is cannot be reached for cleanup as it is defined in an other application domain. At first, I was quite astonished by this behaviour. I allways thought ASP.NET applications ran in a single AppDomain unless something changed to the configuration file or one of the assemblies. This seems to be only partially correct, in fact ASP.NET monitors all file changes in the application and as soon as this count hits a mere 15, it will automatically recycle and create a new AppDomain. As the workitem cache is a file store which will be target of multiple write operations, it will allmost allways cause a recycle of the AppDomain.

Getting rid of this annoying behaviour can be achieved by setting the numRecompilesBeforeAppRestart attribute of the compilation tag in your application's configuration file to a very large number or better, move the cache to a folder outside the website's virtual directory.

<add key="WorkItemTrackingCacheRoot" value="D:\Data\Cache" />

Appendix 1: Sample Code

Below is sample code to run under Forms authentication mode. When using impersonation mode, the credentials need not be specified and impersonated user’s credentials will be used.


using System;

using Microsoft.TeamFoundation.WorkItemTracking.Client;

using Microsoft.TeamFoundation.Client;

using System.Net;


public partial class Test : System.Web.UI.Page


    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)


        // Get the username/password/domain from a OWA like web form and create credential object

        NetworkCredential networkCredential = new NetworkCredential("JoeUser", "JoePassword", "MyDomain");

        ICredentials credential = (ICredentials)networkCredential;


        // Get server name possibly from web config and create TeamFoundationServer and Store in user's credential

        TeamFoundationServer server = new TeamFoundationServer("http://MyServer:8080", credential);

        WorkItemStore store = (WorkItemStore) server.GetService(typeof(WorkItemStore));


        // Use the store

        Label1.Text = store.TeamFoundationServer.AuthenticatedUserDisplayName;

        Label2.Text = "Number of projects: " + store.Projects.Count.ToString();





Check the attached document for below appendixes on step-by-step instructinos.


Appendix 2: How to Enable Integrated Windows Authentication and Turn Off Anonymous Access

Appendix 3: Create an Application Pool for a Web Application


Configuring WIT OM for Web.doc

Comments (12)
  1. A lot of the people I’ve met in the past year have requested code&amp;nbsp;that&amp;nbsp;demonstrates how to&amp;nbsp;display…

  2. Buck Hodges says:

    Rob Caron mentioned that the SDK documentation is now on the MSDN web site.&nbsp; That SDK documentation…

  3. Buck Hodges says:

    Rob Caron mentioned that the SDK documentation is now on the MSDN web site.&amp;nbsp; That SDK documentation…

  4. palak jain says:


    i have followed your code and some other code.  I got to the points where i am able to make connection with server when i execute server.authenticate code.  After that when i try to define workitemstore, i am able to do it, but i can’t define to perticular one out of multimple workitemstore.  I have total of three workitemstore.  One is main and other two are for testing purpose.

    Note: i am using

    If you write me a code in, i know how to covert that from to  so please help me in any language you can.

    My code is below:


    Dim username As String = "username"

    Dim password As String = "password"

    Dim servername As String = "http://servername:8080&quot;

    Dim domain As String = "servername"

    Dim project as project

    Dim account As New NetworkCredential(username, password, domain)

    Dim credentials As ICredentials = CType(account, ICredentials)

    Dim server As New TeamFoundationServer(servername, credentials)

    server.Authenticate() ‘I am able to make connection till here.

    ‘Dim store As WorkItemStore = New WorkItemStore(server)

    Dim store As WorkItemStore = CType(server.GetService(GetType(WorkItemStore)), WorkItemStore)

    ‘ I have tried both of above lines one bye one in order to define ‘store’ variable as ‘workitemstore’ type, but i get store = nothing.  Actually i have three workitemstore.  One regualr and other two are for testing purpose.  So I am tring to find a way to define ‘store’ to one of the workitemstore out of three.

    ‘Can you help me with this?

    project = store.Projects("ProjectName")

  5. Fredrik says:

    Thanks alot! This article helped me avioding the TF26212 error when creating work items programatically. The thing that I had missed was "Enable read/write access to Temporary ASP.NET files for Authenticated Users". Thanks again!

  6. Roy says:

    With Ipersonate=true, I had the same TF30063 problem in this code:

    TeamFoundationServer tfs = new TeamFoundationServer(

               "tfsServer", credentials);

           tfs.Authenticate(); //EXCEPTION HERE

    When I use other overloaded ctor of TeamFoundationServer:

    TeamFoundationServer tfs = new TeamFoundationServer(


    I could tfs.Authenticate() after…

  7. Roy, try posting this in our forums at and someone would reply. I am not sure why you are getting this. We need more details on how to repro.

  8. binuk says:

    Hi Guys,

               I have an issue with registry access error that i am getting when i am trying to access a work item store. The Details of the steps that we have tried to resolve the issue are described in the following link I am not have a

    An Help is appreciated. Thanks a lot in advance

  9. sam says:


    I am getting this exception after I deployed the code on the web server

    The webpage basically grabs information on from Form — connects to TFS and creates a bug.

    The web application is runnig under dedicated apppool, Integrated windows – Disabled Anonymous

    Web.config was set to

         <identity impersonate="true"/>

         <authentication mode="Windows"/>

    Exception information:

       Exception type: TeamFoundationServerUnauthorizedException

       Exception message: TF30063: You are not authorized to access TFSserver.

    Please let me know how can I fix this..

    thnx in advance.

  10. sam says:

    In addition to the above issue::

    The app pool account is already a member of

    [server]Team Foundation Valid Users

    [Team Project]Contributors

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