初窺 Windows 10 的通用應用程式平台 (Universal App Platform)


在「Windows 10 對於開發者的意義在哪?」文中提到,4/29~5/2 的 BUILD 大會中,才會有進一步針對 Windows 10, Cortana, Xbox, Surface Hub, 以及 HoloLens 上開發應用程式的完整訊息。那麼在這之前,開發者可以怎麼準備呢?

首先,即是先開始熟悉 Universal Windows Apps 了!

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同時,在三月初於巴賽隆納舉辦的 Mobiel World Congress 上,微軟又進一步公佈了未來 Windows 10 的通用應用程式平台 (Universal App Platform):

A first look at the Windows 10 universal app platform

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這張圖的上方提示了 Universal Apps 將橫跨多種不同裝置;下面的部份則可細項來看其說明:

As we built the universal app platform, we set out to ensure that all Windows developers would equally benefit from this one core. The platform enables a new class of Windows universal apps – apps that are truly written once, with one set of business logic and one UI. Apps that are delivered to one Store within one package. Apps that are able to reach every Windows 10 device the developer wants to reach. Apps that feel consistent and familiar to the customer on all devices, while also contextually appropriate to each device’s input model and screen size. The new universal app platform completes our developer platform convergence by providing you with the ability to finally create one app that can run on mobile, desktop, console, holographic, and even IoT devices.

Adaptive UX: enables your app’s user interface to fluidly adapt at runtime based on how the customer is interacting with your app and the available device capabilities – rendering an experience that is contextually appropriate.

  • Screen layout: In addition to base app model improvements, we have improved the ViewStateManager to make it easier to create more adaptive experiences. This means that your universal app projects no longer require separate project heads or UI definitions for small and large screens, although we will still provide the option of separate UI definitions should you prefer it.
  • User controls: Windows 10 will determine, at runtime, how the customer is interacting with your app and render the appropriate user experience (e.g. on a laptop with a touch-screen, an app fly-out control will provide larger touch-targets if tapped with touch, as opposed to clicked with a mouse).

Natural user inputs: Windows 10 helps you build an app experience that is more personal and more human, by making it easy to incorporate natural user inputs into your app, such as natural speech, inking, gestures, and user gaze. Because Windows handles all of these inputs, we free you from needing to worry about how to parse the input for meaning – you only need to worry about which inputs are appropriate for your app and we’ll determine if they are present and parse the intent for you.

Cloud-based Services: Windows provides a number of services for use in your apps, such as Windows Notification Services (WNS), Windows roaming data and the Windows Credential Locker. With Windows 10, we are making more Windows services available to developers, including an expanded Cortana AI, OneDrive, and Application Insights. Beyond Windows, we continue to make it easier to take advantage of Microsoft Azure using services like Azure Mobile Services and the Azure Notification Hub.

最後,則是再次提醒大家:

1. 歡迎參加 Windows Insider Program,提早取得並體驗 Windows 10,同時還能率先得到開發工具預覽的通知。

2. 開始學習 Universl Windows Apps 開發!

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