Quick Guide to Setup Java Servlet on an Apache Tomcat 8 (on Windows)


In this article we will understand how to setup a Java servlet on an Apache Tomacat 8 on Windows.

Note: In my below example I have used some hard coded value for simplicity for viewer to follow and can be changed based on the need.

 

Step 1: Download Tomcat 8

Go to the URL http://tomcat.apache.org/download-80.cgi and download the zipped package to any of your choice directory, let’s say “C:\JavaSample\bin”.

Once you download the zip file, you can extract into the same location “C:\ JavaSample\bin\apache-tomcat-8.0.28\apache-tomcat-8.0.28" which I would refer this as my Tomcat Installation directory called as “TOMCAT_HOME” or CATALINA_HOME.

Catalina is codename for Tomcat 5 and above.

 

Step 2: Download and Install Java Development Kit

Go to URL http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/jdk8-downloads-2133151.html and download Java development kit 8 for windows based on the bitness of the machine.

 

Step 3: Creating Environmental Variables for Windows

  • Create an Environmental Variable called CATALINA_HOME with value as your Tomcat installation directory. In my example I have created a server variable CATALINA_HOME= C:\JavaSample\bin\apache-tomcat-8.0.28\apache-tomcat-8.0.28.
    To confirm open command prompt and check if it has been set correctly.
             
  • Take a note of location where your Java Development(JDK) is installed and create an environmental variable called “JAVA_HOME” and set the value to the JDK installed directory. In my example I have set JAVA_HOME=”C:\Program Files\Java\jdk1.8.0_65".
    To confirm open command prompt and check if it has been set correctly.

             

 

Step 3: Configure Apache Tomcat Server

There are few configuration changes required to setup Tomcat server and in our case we will be changing below files under %CATALINA_HOME%\Conf:

  1. Server.xml
  2. Web.xml
  3. Context.xml

Open server.xml under %CATALINA_HOME%\conf and change the settings as high lightened in yellow:

 

<Connector port="9999" protocol="HTTP/1.1"

               connectionTimeout="20000"

               redirectPort="8443" />

 

 

Open web.xml under %CATALINA_HOME%\conf and change the settings as high lightened in yellow:

 

<servlet>

        <servlet-name>default</servlet-name>

        <servlet-class>org.apache.catalina.servlets.DefaultServlet</servlet-class>

        <init-param>

            <param-name>debug</param-name>

            <param-value>0</param-value>

        </init-param>

        <init-param>

            <param-name>listings</param-name>

            <param-value>true</param-value>

        </init-param>

        <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>

    </servlet>

 

 

Open context.xml under %CATALINA_HOME%\conf and change the settings as high lightened in yellow:

 

<Context reloadable="true">

 

 

Step 4: Deploy a Java Servlet

In my case, I have used one of the open source Java Servlet and download the code from http://pebble.sourceforge.net/ and copy the pebble.war from the source code to %CATALINA_HOME%\webapps.

 

Step 5: Start the Tomcat Server

Launch the command prompt in admin mode and navigate to %CATALINA_HOME%\Bin folder and run below command:

 

Startup.bat

 

 

Now open a browser and browse  http://localhost:9999 which should show the default Tomcat server's welcome page and then browse http://localhost:9999/pebble which should show the website which is deployed under webapps.

You can shut down the Tomcat server by running below command from command prompt by navigating to %CATALINA_HOME%\Bin

 

Shutdown.bat

 

 

References:

https://www.ntu.edu.sg/home/ehchua/programming/howto/Tomcat_HowTo.html

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