In one of my past posts, I’ve try to use 2 identical I2C devices on the same bus. Mario Vernari who help me for another problem on my Lego city and with whom I’ve exchange a bit to find other solutions help me there two. Mario is coming from the electronic side and I come from the software side. So he can correct me when I’m wrong with my electronic . And I was quite wrong with the previous solution trying to switch on and off the power of the sensors. Mario gave me couple of good reasons:
“First off, any silicon embeds diodes, thus -even unpowering a device- there's a non-zero current flowing into. In this case, through the SCL/SDA lines, via pull-ups.
Secondly, you're using sensors, and they typically need a certain time to settle their internal state, reach the steadiness, etc. There are also "smarter" sensors, which perform a kind of auto-calibration when they are powered up. If you switch off, you'll lose those benefits.”
And he gave me a tip: “use a 74HC4052”. So lets go and see what it is. It’s a switch for analog signals. You have 4 inputs (named Ya, a = 0 to 3) and 1 output (named Z). But they are 2 ways. So when you have selected one line, you can send signals in both ways. And there are 2 of those in the chip (naming will be nY and nZ, n = 1 and 2).
That allow to switch the overall SDA and SCL bus to the right sensor. And this will allow to pilot up to 4 identical sensors. The selection of the line is made by the S0 and S1 with the following rule:
|L||L||L||nY0 and nZ|
|L||L||H||nY1 and nZ|
|L||H||L||nY2 and nZ|
|L||H||H||nY3 and nZ|
So regarding the code I wrote for the previous post, it will remain the same! It will work exactly the same way. What is changing is the electronic part. And here is the new design:
Mario also give me the following advice: “Note that when you cut off a device, you should provide the pullups anyway”. So That’s what I did by putting the pullups for each component.
Now it’s working and much better as the line switch is really fast and there is no need to wait for a long time to read the data. So thanks Mario for the tip!