Testing LAPS for Nano Server with ws2016lab


Recently I met Jaromir Kaspar, my fellow PFE, and we chatted on LAPS for Nano Server Preview I recently published. He wanted to see it in action in lab of some size. He publishes Windows Server 2016 lab hydration scripts on github, so we came with idea to enhance those scripts by support for provisioning of DSC infrastructure that will automate LAPS for Nano Server installation and configuration. He started working at full throttle (as always) and shortly came to me to show working lab, updated hydration script and this blog post that describes the process he went through when building the lab. Enjoy reading and playing with LAPS on Nano server!


Hi all, here is Jaromir – Premier Field Engineer, colleague of Jiri Formacek (creator of LAPS) and I would like to show you today, how easy is to deploy your Nano LAPS lab.

I met Jiri (he is real programmer, not me – I’m gluing scripts together not programming) in the office again and we talked little bit about LAPS. I asked if he tried my scripts (obvious answer is no, because he is super busy) so I decided to show him and you, how to create your own lab with my ws2016lab https://github.com/Microsoft/ws2016lab and LAPS for Nano server https://blogs.msdn.microsoft.com/laps/2016/05/10/laps-and-nano-server/ under 20 minutes.

You will go through end to end process from nothing to fully provisioned lab of Nano servers with LAPS for Nano installed and configured. What you will learn? How DSC Pull server works, how to deploy configuration on DSC Pull server, how to configure DSC client to pull the configuration, and how to install and configure LAPS for Nano via DSC.

Changes in ws2016lab scripts

Variables.ps1

#LAPS Lab

$LabConfig=@{AdminPassword=‘LS1setup!’; DomainAdminName=‘JiriF’; Prefix = ‘NanoLAPS-‘; SecureBoot=‘On’; CreateClientParent=‘No’; DCEdition=‘ServerDataCenter’; ClientEdition=‘Enterprise’; InstallSCVMM=‘No’}

$NetworkConfig=@{SwitchName = ‘LabSwitch’; StorageNet1=‘172.16.1.’; StorageNet2=‘172.16.2.’}

$LAbVMs = @()

1..2 | % {“Nano$_} | % { $LAbVMs += @{ VMName = $_ ; Configuration = ‘Simple’; ParentVHD ‘Win2016Nano_G2.vhdx’; MemoryStartupBytes= 128MB ; DSCMode=‘Pull’; DSCConfig=@(‘LAPS_Nano_Install’,‘LAPSConfig1’)} }

3..4 | % {“Nano$_} | % { $LAbVMs += @{ VMName $_ ; Configuration = ‘Simple’; ParentVHD ‘Win2016Nano_G2.vhdx’; MemoryStartupBytes= 128MB ; DSCMode=‘Pull’; DSCConfig=@(‘LAPS_Nano_Install’,‘LAPSConfig2’)} }

 In the example above, you can see that I will create 4 nano servers with specified DSCMode and Config. We will have 2 different configurations of LAPS for Nano.

BTW this is the only piece you need to modify in scripts that you can download from here: https://github.com/Microsoft/ws2016lab. Notice that you are specifying DSCMode and DSCConfig. DSCMode specifies Pull Configuration, therefore Pull Server will be used (https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/powershell/dsc/pullServer) and DSCConfig specifies configuration that should be downloaded from Pull server (https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/powershell/dsc/partialconfigs)

If you want to have bigger lab, you can replace just few characters and hydrate 20 machines instead of 4:

#LAPS Lab

$LabConfig=@{AdminPassword=‘LS1setup!’; DomainAdminName=‘JiriF’; Prefix = ‘NanoLAPS-‘; SecureBoot=‘On’; CreateClientParent=‘No’; DCEdition=‘ServerDataCenter’; ClientEdition=‘Enterprise’; InstallSCVMM=‘No’}

$NetworkConfig=@{SwitchName = ‘LabSwitch’; StorageNet1=‘172.16.1.’; StorageNet2=‘172.16.2.’}

$LAbVMs = @()

1..10 | % {“Nano$_} | % { $LAbVMs += @{ VMName = $_ ; Configuration = ‘Simple’; ParentVHD ‘Win2016Nano_G2.vhdx’; MemoryStartupBytes= 128MB; DSCMode=‘Pull’; DSCConfig=@(‘LAPS_Nano_Install’,‘LAPSConfig1’)}}

11..20 | % {“Nano$_} | % { $LAbVMs += @{ VMName = $_ ; Configuration = ‘Simple’; ParentVHD ‘Win2016Nano_G2.vhdx’; MemoryStartupBytes= 128MB; DSCMode=‘Pull’; DSCConfig=@(‘LAPS_Nano_Install’,‘LAPSConfig2’)}}

2_CreateParentDisks.ps1

During 2_CreateParentDisks.ps1, scripts will hydrate DC with following DSC Configuration (this is just a part of the script):

WindowsFeature
DSCServiceFeature

{

  Ensure = “Present”

  Name = “DSC-Service”

}

xDscWebService PSDSCPullServer

{

  Ensure “Present”

  EndpointName“PSDSCPullServer”

  Port 8080

  PhysicalPath $env:SystemDrive\inetpub\wwwroot\PSDSCPullServer”

  CertificateThumbPrint= “AllowUnencryptedTraffic”

  ModulePath $env:PROGRAMFILES\WindowsPowerShell\DscService\Modules”

  ConfigurationPath= $env:PROGRAMFILES\WindowsPowerShell\DscService\Configuration”

  State “Started”

  DependsOn “[WindowsFeature]DSCServiceFeature”

}

xDscWebService PSDSCComplianceServer

{

  Ensure “Present”

  EndpointName “PSDSCComplianceServer”

  Port 9080

  PhysicalPath $env:SystemDrive\inetpub\wwwroot\PSDSCComplianceServer”

  CertificateThumbPrint = “AllowUnencryptedTraffic”

  State “Started”

  DependsOn (“[WindowsFeature]DSCServiceFeature”,“[xDSCWebService]PSDSCPullServer”)

}

File RegistrationKeyFile

{

  Ensure = ‘Present’

  Type = ‘File’

  DestinationPath $env:ProgramFiles\WindowsPowerShell\DscService\RegistrationKeys.txt”

  Contents = $RegistrationKey

}

3_Deploy.ps1

During 3_Deploy.ps1 (based on variables.ps1) RegistrationKey that was used in DSC config above and Config name you specify will be set for each VM that will be created as you can see in DSC config below:

#DCM Config

[DSCLocalConfigurationManager()]

Configuration PullClientConfig
{
  param

(

    [Parameter(Mandatory=$true)]

    [string[]]$ComputerName,

    [Parameter(Mandatory=$true)]

    [string[]]$DSCConfig

  )          

  Node $ComputerName

  {

    Settings

    {

      AllowModuleOverwrite = $True

      ConfigurationMode = ‘ApplyAndAutoCorrect’

      RefreshMode = ‘Pull’

      RebootNodeIfNeeded = $True

      ActionAfterReboot  = ‘ContinueConfiguration’

    }
ConfigurationRepositoryWeb PullServerWeb 

{

      ServerURL = ‘http://dc.corp.contoso.com:8080/PSDSCPullServer.svc’

      AllowUnsecureConnection = $true

      RegistrationKey ’14fc8e72-5036-4e79-9f89-5382160053aa’

      ConfigurationNames $DSCConfig

    }

    $DSCConfig| ForEach-Object {

      PartialConfiguration $_

      {

        RefreshMode = ‘Pull’

        ConfigurationSource = ‘[ConfigurationRepositoryWeb]PullServerWeb’

      }

    }

  }

}

Result: 20 machines in 9.6 minutes. Its good, isn’t it? If you would like it in just few minutes – start bugging JiriF as he promised me to make it parallel (run several jobs at once) – he is a programmer, I’m just gluing scripts together, remember?

image001

LAPS Client for Nano Server

1) Grab LAPS.Nano.DSC module on Internet connected machine from PowerShell Gallery:

image003


image004

2) Create mof files

Downloaded module contains sample DSC configuration files in Config folder.

Just add just a few lines to LAPS.NANO.DSC.Install.ps1 and LAPS.Nano.DSC.Config.ps1 samples to create mof files for DSC.

In LAPS.Nano.DSC.Install.ps1 replace the last line with code as shown below:

#LAPS_Nano_Install –ConfigurationData $ConfigData –Ensure Present

$OutputPath=‘C:\temp\LAPS\’

$ConfigName=LAPS_Nano_Install.mof

LAPS_Nano_InstallConfigurationData $ConfigDataEnsure Present –OutputPath $OutputPath

Rename-Item –Path $OutputPath\localhost.mofNewName $ConfigNameForce

New-DscChecksumPath $OutputPath\$ConfigNameOutPath $OutputPath

 Running the script after modifications creates mof file with checksum:

instalaltion mof file

With config it will be little bit more tricky as we want to have 2 different configurations and want to change config name.

In LAPS.Nano.DSC.Config.ps1 first setup LAPS client parameters as desired:

image010

Then I need to modify configurqtion name so as it matches the config name stored in LCM configuration:

image012

Then replace last line in script with code as shown below:

#LAPS_Nano_Config –ConfigurationData $ConfigData –Ensure Present

$OutputPath=‘C:\temp\LAPS\’

$ConfigName=‘LAPSConfig1.mof’

LAPSConfig1 –ConfigurationData $ConfigData –Ensure Present -OutputPath $OutputPath

Rename-Item –Path $OutputPath\localhost.mof –NewName $ConfigName -Force

New-DscChecksum -Path $OutputPath\$ConfigName OutPath $OutputPath

I’ll repeat steps above with ConfigName LAPSConfig2.mof, with password length 28 – copy sample config file, set paremeters as desired, and replacing last line in script, now specifying LAPSConfig2.mof as ConfigName.

As a result, we have 2 mof files with checksums:

LAPS MOF files

 

3) Package LAPS.Nano.DSC module with resources and create checksum to zip file with name expected by DSC Pull Server (moduleName_Version):

#remove space before version number in path below if you copy/paste – seems that blog engine does not like <backslash><zero> combination

Compress-Archive -Path c:\temp\LAPS\LAPS.Nano.DSC\ 0.9.0.5\* DestinationPath c:\temp\LAPS\Laps.Nano.DSC_0.9.0.5.zip

New-DscChecksum -Path c:\temp\LAPS\Laps.Nano.DSC_0.9.0.5.zip OutPath c:\temp\LAPS\

 So now I have mof file with LAPS.Nano.DSC module containing custom resources necessary for installation, and 2 mof files with configurations of LAPS client; all files with checksums:

image017

Now I need to transfer all files to DSC Pull Server.

 

4) Put DSC Module with resources, and mof files with configurations to Pull server

Connect to DC that is running DSC Pull Server Service (Make sure you use enhanced session mode. You need to login, logoff and then the option will appear, if you login with different user than built-in admin for very first time) If you login with built-in admin, option will appear right after first login (no need to logoff)

image018

 

image020

Copy Module files into the Pull Server modules storage:

image022

Copy Configuration files into the Pull Server configurations storage:

image024

 

5) Start Nano VMs and enjoy!  

Start VMs one by one with some delay as shown in the script below.

#example to start VMs one by one (run from Host)

1..20 | %

    Start-VM *Nano$_ 

    Start-Sleep 30

}

If you start them all at the same time, you may bump into the following error:

image033

Nano VMs will automatically get configurations from Pull server. DSC will install and configure LAPS Client for Nano.

You can review configuration of VMs:

#run this from DC

#get DSCconfig status from Nano1 VM

(Get-DscConfigurationStatus –CimSession nano1).resourcesindesiredstate | ft ConfigurationName,InstanceName,InDesiredState

#Push DSC Config again

Start-DscConfiguration ComputerName nano1 –UseExisting -Verbose –Wait

#Review LCM Config

Get-DscLocalConfigurationManager –CimSession nano1

(Get-DscLocalConfigurationManager –CimSession nano1).ConfigurationDownloadManagers

(Get-DscLocalConfigurationManager –CimSession nano1).PartialConfigurations

#review LAPS Client Settings

invoke-command –ComputerName nano1 –ScriptBlock {Get-ItemProperty “HKLM:\software\policies\Microsoft Services\AdmPwd\”}

get-service –ComputerName nano1 –Name *Laps*

 

6) OK, one more step is needed to make  solution working

I need to configure environment for LAPS in my lab – extend the AD schema and delegate permissions:

image025

    • Note: You don’t need GPO templates on DC for this lab with Nano servers, as LAPS for Nano does not use GPO at all. However, for real environment with mixed Nano and “normal” machines, you will need GPO templates as “normal” machines still receive configuration via GPO
    • Run Update-AdmPwdADSchema from PowerShell to extend AD schema.
    • Run Set-AdmPwdComputerSelfPermission -identity:Workshop from PowerShell to delegate computer permission to write password under OU Workshop
    • Wait some time and check password of managed admin account on Nano machines reported to AD:

image026

That’s it! See you next time! – probably on askpfeplat blog where I’ll show you how crazy fast and small nano server is.

Jaromirk@MSFT

Update 11.6.2015:

– Fixed typo in script Variables.ps1

– Optimized script 3_Deploy.ps1

Comments (1)

  1. jaromirk says:

    If you don’t want to build mof files and DSC package, you can download it from GitHub https://github.com/Microsoft/ws2016lab/tree/master/Scenarios

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