Support for SSL/TLS protocols on Windows

***********Updated on 19th August 2016***********

Secure Socket Layer
(SSL) and its successor Transport Layer Security (TLS) are protocols which use cryptographic algorithms to secure the communication between 2 entities. It is just a secure layer running on top of HTTP.


SSL Handshake Protocol

SSL Change Cipher Spec Protocol

SSL Alert


SSL Record Protocol



Overview of SSL Protocol Stack

Several versions of SSL have been released after its advent in 1995 (SSL 2.0 by Netscape communications, SSL 1.0 was never released). Here is the list:

  • SSL 1.0, 2.0 and 3.0
  • TLS 1.0 (or SSL 3.1, released in 1999)
  • TLS 1.1 (or SSL 3.2, released in 2006)
  • TLS 1.2 (or SSL 3.3, released in 2008)

SSL was changed to TLS when it was handed over to IETF for standardizing the security protocol layer in 1999. After making few changes to SSL 3.0, IETF released TLS 1.0. TLS 1.0 is being used by several web servers and browsers till date. What I have never understood, is there have been newer versions released after this, with the latest being TLS 1.2 released in 2008.

On Windows the support for SSL/TLS protocols is tied to the SCHANNEL component. So, if a specific OS version doesn’t support a SSL/TLS version, this means it remains unsupported.

All the windows components/applications abide by this rule and can support only those protocols which are supported at the OS level. For e.g.: IIS and Internet Explorer.

Below table should give you a good understanding of what protocols are supported on Windows OS.

Windows OS Version

SSL 2.0

SSL 3.0

TLS 1.0

TLS 1.1

TLS 1.2

Windows XP & Windows Server 2003



Windows Vista & Windows Server 2008



Windows 7 & Windows Server 2008 R2

Windows 8 & Windows Server 2012

Windows 8.1 & Windows Server 2012 R2

Windows 10 & Windows Server 2016

TLS 1.1 & TLS 1.2 are enabled by default on post Windows 8.1 releases. Prior to that they were disabled by default. So the administrators have to enable the settings manually via the registry. Refer this article on how to enable this protocols via registry:

On the client side, you can check this in the browser settings. If you are using IE on any of the supported Windows OS listed above, then in IE, browse to Tools -> Internet Options -> Advanced. Under the Security section, you would see the list of SSL protocols supported by IE. IE supports only those security protocol versions, which is supported by the underlying SCHANNEL component of the OS.

IE Settings (Windows 10)

TLS settings in IE on Windows 10

Chrome supports whatever IE supports. If you intend to check the support in Firefox, then enter the text “about:config” in the browser address bar and then enter TLS in the search bar as shown below.

Firefox SettingsTLS Settings on Firefox v47

The settings security.tls.version.max specifies the maximum supported protocol version and security.tls.version.min specifies the minimum supported protocol version . They can take any of the below 4 values:

  • 0 – SSL 3.0
  • 1 – TLS 1.0 (This is the current default for the minimum required version.)
  • 2 – TLS 1.1
  • 3 – TLS 1.2 (This is the current default for the maximum supported version.)

NOTE: The behavior is undefined if security.tls.version.min is larger than the security.tls.version.max value.

Refer this Mozilla KB for more info:*

Comments (69)

  1. Abhinav SIngh says:

    Nice clear information !!! helpful

  2. Suchitra Sethumadhav says:

    Excellent!! This was very helpful for me

  3. Calvin L. says:

     Hello  thanks Much, About TLS 1.2 in windows Seven7,…/support-for-ssl-tls-protocols-on-windows.aspx, Says you have to Turn On "TLS 1.2", so Where Is The Instruction Setup, if you please ? ? ? Only In internet explorer , and, Or ,What, where, howTo, more, etc. plzz

  4. Hi Calvin,

    Sorry for the late reply. I was out on vacation, so couldn't reply to you earlier.

    I didn't include the instruction setup because there is a KB article on the same.

    Here is the link:…/245030

    Basically if you want to disable or enable TLS/SSL on the server side, it has to be done via registry.

    Below is a snippet from the article:



    Start Registry Editor (Regedt32.exe), and locate the following key in the registry.


    SCHANNELProtocols SubKey

    To enable the use of the protocols that will not be negotiated by default (such as TLS 1.1 or TLS 1.2), change the DWORD value data of the DisabledByDefault value to 0x0 in each of the following registry keys under the Protocols key:•SCHANNELProtocolsTLS 1.1Client

    •SCHANNELProtocolsTLS 1.1Server

    •SCHANNELProtocolsTLS 1.2Client

    •SCHANNELProtocolsTLS 1.2Server


  5. cron22 says:

    Great article, but I'd appreciate it if you'd put descriptions (altText), under your images so that users reading your information using screen readers have an idea of what you're showing us.  

  6. thanks for the feedback Cron. I've included them now. Let me know if this helps.

  7. says:

    have a 32 Bit Windows 2008 machine, how do I disable the Ciphers on that server and make it not vulnerable to the BEAST.

  8. Kashif,

    There is already a fix for the Beast. Read this article:…/fixing-the-beast.aspx

  9. Ray says:

    Why TLS 1.1 and 1.2 is not turned on by default?

  10. @Ray – Well the reason is that not many existing client browsers don't support TLS 1.1 and later. Even though they are the latest versions of TLS, the problem has been with the adoption of these versions. If they are enabled, there will be additional time spent in re-negotiating these parameters with the server or client. Hence they are always kept disabled.

  11. arif says:

    i m using windows 8. when i open browger its show ssl connection errors. how can i solve

  12. @Arif – Could you provide a snapshot or provide more details on what is being done?

    — What site are you browsing?

    — What browser are you using?

    — What is the actual error?

  13. Why does IE8 go secure only after SSL2 is selected. says:

    I have a case where the Win7 clients' SSL3 and TLS1.0 box is checked on IE8.  When they try and connect to a Win2008R2 instance of IIS7.5 it refuses to go secure.  If the client additionally checks the SSL2.0 checkbox, then the client goes secure with the server.   How can that be? The server is default config, so SSL2.0 is turned off by default.

  14. 127 says:

    Why Windows Server 2008 (non R2!) do not get new schannel which supports TLS 1.1/1.2 and new ciphers ? It is still in Mainstream Support till 2015.…/default.aspx

  15. Hello,

    I am not sure why it was not added as it would have been really great to add support for latest TLS versions. The only problem I see was the major over-hauling required as the support for SSL is inbuilt into Windows. However you could provide your feedback here:

  16. Yatish Gopal says:

    Hello Kaushal,

    I have a few android browers accessing my application which is hosted on iis 7.5 & browsers are throwing a error message saying:


    Your connection to is encrypted with 256 bit encrption.

    The connection uses TLS 1.0

    The connection is encrypted using AES_256_CBC…..with sha1 for msg authencation and rsa as the key exchange mechanism.

    The server does not support the TLS renegotiation extension


    Need your suggestion on i need to change the TLS to 1.2 in registry? please help.

  17. Could you verify if the necessary updates are installed on the server?

    Check this:…/977377.

    Please read carefully the instructions on how to fix this. This will affect certain functionality. You may also consider posting this problem on Windows Security Forums to get a quicker and better response:…/home

  18. deepak says:

    how to fix internet explorer 10 "this  page can't be display"  make sure tls and ssl protocols are enabled. but in internet option tls 1.0 and ssl 3.0 box is alreadly  selected.

  19. @Deepak, that is a very vague issue description, Have you checked if the issue happens from other clients while accessing the same server?

  20. santhosh says:

    I had a problem, where TLS states were Grayed out in Win 7 64-bit OS.

  21. Santhosh says:

    Sorry I am facing a problem when checking for a particular website its showing the page cannot be displayed. When moved to IE options , TLS states were Grayed out, How should I proceed further.

  22. Hello Santhosh. Looks like these settings are managed for your computer via group policy or you may want to consider launching IE as an administrator to give it a second try.

  23. Siddik says:

    hi Kumar, how if i enabling the TLS on Windows Server 2008 R2, is any error in the communication, whereas i enabling both SSL and TLS on IIS Service. can you explain a little bit how SSL and TLS work in encryption before 3-way TCP hanshake key. many thanks and this is a good topic.

  24. Ayan says:

    How can I enable TLS 1.1, 1.2 for my clients which are using windows application to connect to wcf service?

    I think browser specific settings to enable TLS 1.1, 1.2 are not applicable in thi case.

  25. DJ Danni says:

    Hello. I am on Windows 7 using wamp and opens SSL. How do i enable TLS 1.1 and 1.2?

  26. @DJ Danni

    OpenSSL has its own implementation for SSL/TLS. They don't rely on SCHANNEL.

    For OpenSSL I would suggest you to check their documentation on how to enable it. The recent version of OpenSSL does support TLS 1.1 & TLS 1.2.

  27. DJ Danni says:

    Here is my OpenSSL Version



    OpenSSL support enabled

    OpenSSL Library Version OpenSSL 0.9.8k 25 Mar 2009

    OpenSSL Header Version OpenSSL 0.9.8r 8 Feb 2011

    So is it possabole to use TLS 1.2 on that version?

    If so how do i update?

  28. @DJ Danni. From what I read, it is supported on 1.01 and higher versions..…/openssl-1.0.1-notes.html

  29. Steve says:

    Not mean to discourage people, but with technology progressing all the time, this article needs update or clearly marked so.

  30. Prasad says:

    Hi, can any one help me on my below query.

    A client has had a security assessment conducted of the web servers in their environment. They want the servers to be configured to disable SSL version 2, and to only accept SSL ciphers greater than, or equal to, 128 bits. The web servers in the environment consist of Apache 2.2 on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6, IIS 6 on Windows Server 2003, and IIS 7.5 on Windows Server 2008 R2. Please answer the following questions:

    1. How do you test the servers to determine which SSL versions and ciphers are

    currently supported / accepted? Please describe the process.

    2. What changes are needed for each of the web servers / operating systems to meet the client's requirements? Please be specific.

  31. roe says:

    what happens if you create tls 1.0, 1.1 and 1.2 keys in gpo for a mix win2k3, win2k8, win2k8r2, win2k12 environment?  the keys for 1.1 and 1.2 would not enable features unsupported on win2k3, however would this cause issues if those keys now existed for gpo or is there a better method similar to enabling IE tls via gpo? (for server/apps/programs like iis)

  32. Prashant says:


    We are using IE9 and TLS 1.0 is enable by default, if i will enable TLS 1.2 IT it will impact the other sites…?

  33. @Prashant –  It wont!

  34. Prashant says:

    Hi Kaushal,

    Thanks for your prompt replied.. 🙂

    TLS 1.2 what exactly its enable and how it is different from  TLS 1.0..?

    As just want to check the effects before implementing the changes.

  35. There are lots of difference. TLS 1.2 is the latest version while TLS 1.0 is almost obsolete.. Most of the vulnerabilities that we encounter today are related to 1.0

    There re several posts describing he differences. you could go through them.

  36. Joe says:

    I have a question. With PCI standards dictating now that TLSv1 needs to be disabled on web servers in order to be compliant. Yet many users are still sitting on IE 8-10 which has support for TLSv1.1 and 1.2 disabled by default. Many users simply won't be able to use these PCI compliant sites.

    Does Microsoft plan to enable 1.1 and 1.2 in IE 8-10 in a patch?

  37. It has nothing to do with IE. IE supports whatever the underlying OS supports.

    Until Windows Server 2012 R2/Windows 8.1 TLS 1.1/1.2 was disabled by default. It is debatable to say whether to enable it or not. However a simple solution is that we can have the registry key switched to enable the support for these protocols.

  38. Joe says:

    It has everything to do with IE. Other than IE8-10 every single other browser has TLSv1.1. ans 1.2 enabled by default. IE 8-10 has that support as well but has it turned off by default.

    And this has nothing to do with IIS, most web servers are running on apache, tomcat or other linux variants.

    As it stands now, in June 2016 when every single web site on the net that has to be PCI compliant will need to disable TLSv1.

    Then you will have a significant number of people who are still running IE 8-10 who will not be able to access these sites by default.

  39. @Joe

    As I said it depends on the underlying Operating System for most of the Microsoft products. IE supports, whatever the underlying OS supports. IE 8 on windows XP supports only TLS 1.0 as XP has no support for the later versions of TLS.

    The component is called SCHANNEL. We have either Client & Server specific registry keys.

    We need to understand why this decision was made. When IE came out with support for TLS 1.1 and TLS 1.2, it was the only browser which supported these protocols.

    As you mentioned most of the web servers run on Apache and they didn't support these protocols until 2010/2011 I believe. When Windows 8.1 was launched IT industry was slowly shifting to newer versions. FINALLY IT HAPPENED.

    So the decision was made to be keep it as disabled by default. Chrome and other major browsers started support for it around the same time (2011).

    Instead of waiting for a patch its a simple setting that can be enforced. One can write a script or if the machines are part of a domain, then push it via Group Policy.

    I'm not quite certain why we are discussing web servers.

  40. Ambarish Jana says:

    Hi All,

    Couple of website is hosted in system (Windows 2008 R2) in IIS7.0 environment and now working with SSL V3.0. I want to move to TLS1.2.

    I have setup the the TLS1.2 in registry and disable my existing SSLv2.0,3.0, TLS1.0 & TLS1.1. Also, enable the TLS1.2 in IE and disdable all other type of SSL & TLS.

    Now, when I browse the app, i am getting error.

    1. Do I need to chnage anything in website configuration for TLS support?

    2. The services are currently hosted using a Verisign SSL certificate. Can we use same certificate for TLS?

  41. @ Ambarish

    Correction: Windows Server 2008 R2 has IIS 7.5. Could you let me know the registry that you have added? You can email me at  

    There is no configuration in IIS to enable/disable a specific SSL protocol version.

    Ensure the browser you are using to communicate has TLS 1.2 enabled as well.

    Secondly, SSL Certificates are not dependent on the SSL protocol version.

  42. Joe says:

    "Ensure the browser you are using to communicate has TLS 1.2 enabled as well."

    My point exactly. When every PCI compliant web server switches over to TLSv1.2 in June of next year the entire web will be filled with people running IE 8-10 saying the same thing. It's ridiculous. Only IE 8-10 has support for that protocol off by default. And it's doubly ridiculous that it is still that way if IE had support for those protocols before the other browsers.

    I might add as well that while IE 8-10 only use TLSv1 by default that it is a broken protocol and not secure at all anymore.

    As if the world needed another reason to get off of IE altogether.

  43. Yes it is absurd that it is switched off by default on earlier OS's.

    I am not quite certain of the future updates that will be provided. Rather waiting as I suggested earlier push these settings off to machines via group policies.  

    You could also submit your feedback to the IE dev team here:

  44. Kevin says:

    So, we just went under a Scan and now it's complaining that we need to disable TLS 1.0.  That throws a couple of quick wrenches.  1st, the back end app talks over TLS 1.0 to SQL Server so we need to keep the client side enabled.  Second, if I disable the server side, I can't RDP into the server.  I can use weaker RDP encryption, but that's not good either.  How are we getting past this aging TLS v1.0?  On top of that, there are still a lot of browsers that can't use 1.1 or 1.2.  I'm more concerned about RDP.  Oh, and I do NOT use RDP over the internet, VPN tunnel only, so I'm guessing you'll say it's ok to use the weaker encryption.


  45. @Kevin. Every single browser currently supports TLS 1.1 & 1.2. The ones that don't support them are IE running on Windows XP/Windows server 2003. The Reason being both the OS don't have native support for TLS 1.1 & TLS 1.2.

    If you are using Windows Vista o higher, you shouldn't have any issues. At some point you need to make the transition, it is better you do it now than at a later stage.

    I'm not an RDP expert, but check if the RDP client supports TLS 1.1/1.2.

  46. Sven says:

    Hi, i'm tying to make a secure connection from a .net 4.5 context with WebRequest over TLS 1.1 / 1.2 for Windows Server 2008 sp2. All goes fine when i run the application from windows 8/8.1 host, but on Windows Server 2008 is fails with: "The underlying connection was closed: An unexpected error occurred on a send." I believe it is due to "Now let’s come to the point, on Windows the support for SSL/TLS protocols is tied to the SCHANNEL component" and "All the windows components/applications abide by this rule and can support only those protocols which are supported at the OS level." If this is true for .net 4.5, could you point me to a reference document confirming the implementation?

  47. Saul says:

    Hello, I am trying to make some changes to pass the PCI Compliance Scan.  For starters, I was able to disable TLS 1.0 on the Exchange server but now many users outside of the network are having trouble connecting to the server via Outlook, would you happen to know what would be the best way to get them to connect?

    Also, I am running a terminal server on Windows Server 2008 (not R2) and I see on the top of the page that the server does not support TLS 1.1 and 1.2.  Is there a way around that?  I am failing because of TLS 1.0 being enabled.



  48. @Saul

    Windows Server 2008 doesn't support TLS 1.1 & 1.2. The best solution for you is to upgrade to 2008 R2 or higher.

  49. ron says:

    i am currently running windows vista and internet explorer 9, and cannot see support for tls 1.1 or tls 1.2 when i go control panel-advanced internet options.  what gives?  would like to keep current os and browser.  you said vist or higher should have no problems.

  50. Graham says:

    @Kaushal – Very useful article – thanks.

    In your response of the 8th May, you say "If you are using Windows Vista o higher, you shouldn't have any issues." but the table above says that Vista doesn't support TLS1.1/1.2.  Can you say which is correct?  (Ron's message of the 22nd suggests the table is correct).


  51. Martijn says:

    This is a good but very old article. Since some people are still commenting on this article it is worth mentioning a few things. Some things are no longer true. For example all major browsers such as Chrome and Firefox have had support for TLS1.1 and TLS 1.2 for quite some time now.

    @Kaushal, when you enable TLS1.1 and TLS1.2 in Schannel through the registry, it is not automatically also enabled in IE settings.  While it is true that IE is dependent on whatever your version of Schannel.dll supports, these are two separate settings.

    For viewing/changing settings on Microsoft servers without editing the registry manually you can use the free tool IISCrypto that makes the necessary registry settings for you. When disabling older protocols on the server side, such as SSL2.0, SSL3.0 please be aware that many older devices may not support TLS, for example Windows XP, older versions of android and windows mobile etc.

  52. Tom Thomson says:

    I find it quite shocking that if I set up the browsers on my windows 8.1 client to insist on secure connections (ie no support – not even fall-back – for RC4, and no support for anything earlier than TLS1.2, I can no longer access the MSDN website.  That doesn't much matter for pages like this one,  but it's a bit of an issue for, for example, downloads.

  53. Shantha D says:

    Hi Kushal,

    Can I expect help in resolving this problem :…/ssl-protocol-tweaking-at-operating-system-level-by-editing-registry-on-windows.

    Thanks in advance!

  54. Ramakrishna says:

    Hi Kushal,

    Its really a good article and gave me a lot of information about SSL and TLS. I have a problem regarding TLS 1.2. One of the webservice hosted on a customer server is having TLS 1.2, to consume that webservice I was told to use TLS 1.2 in my application hosted in different server. How this can be done. I am using Windows 2008 R2 server. I have enabled tls 1.2 in my server and tried to initiate the requests to consume the customer server's web service. But it is erroring out "could not establish secure channel for SSL/TLS with authority"

  55. Bandit says:

    I had confirmation that MS are developing a hotfix for Windows 2008R2 to support TLS v1.1 and v1.2.  Testing is still underway (90 day test cycles) so it could be soon released.

  56. Aleks says:

    Tracked down a browser not able to access a web page to the SSL cert used on the web server using TLS 1.0. Similar web server apps, when SSL uses TLS 1.2 can be accessed by browser with no problem. Question: who/how decides what TLS version to use with SSL cert? Is it baked into the SSL cert at the time the SSL cert is created? It's not in the app/web server, because the app/web server code is the same in both cases — only the SSL certs are different.

  57. @Aleks

    I have covered your answer in this post here:…/ssl-handshake-and-https-bindings-on-iis.aspx

    To answer your question, both client and server engage into a dialog (SSL Handshake) to decide the SSL protocol version.

  58. Steve says:

    Hi Kaushal,

    I have a server 2003 machine and I'm researching what I need to do to get it to pass an SSL test (e.g.  I see a lot of information about how server 2003 does not support TLS 1.1 and 1.2, but I'm also seeing a ton of information online regarding workarounds by editing the registry or various other things.  e.g.:…/maximizing-ssl-security-for-windows-server-2003-ssl-tls.aspx

    That article appears to show only registry changes which appear to result in a grade of B from, and if schannel doesn't support TLS 1.1 to begin with I don't see how any registry tweaks are going to change that.

    I'm not clear – is there any way to get server 2003 to disable the older insecure protocols and ciphers and only allow the current ones like TLS 1.1 and 1.2?  Is the only option to upgrade the OS to a newer version?


  59. Valérie Martin says:

    Since PCI DSS 3.1 will force retire TLS 1.0 from all e-commerce websites by end of June 2016, what will be Microsoft position regarding IE 9 on Vista?

    Will they upgrade SCHANNEL on Vista to add TLS 1.1/1.2 support or urge users to drop IE 9 and use Firefox or Chrome instead?…/Migrating_from_SSL_Early_TLS_Information%20Supplement_v1.pdf

  60. Fercha says:

    Hi Kaushal,

    QQ is TLS1.0 Client & Server side enabled by default on Windows 2003 and 2008?  I notice that the key Client with the Dword "Enabled" (with value ffffffff) is not present  by default.  On Windows 2008R2 and 2012 I was able to find documentation that explicitly say is enabled by default, but for 2003 I found a bunch of kbs and notes on How to disable protocols.

    Thanks in advanced!

  61. sorry for the delayed response folks. Been away from blogging for quite some time.


    Windows Server 2003 and Windows Server 2008 do not have native support for TLS 1.1 and TLS 1.2. Even if you add a registry key it is of no use as the protocol itself is not recognized by the OS. There is also a reason for this. Both the protocols were proposed around 2006 and the industry started adopting this around 2010.

    The only solution for you would be to upgrade latest version which is Windows Server 2012 R2.


    as I mentioned above TLS 1.1 and TLS 1.2 are not supported on Windows Vista and I don't see any investments being made for them to be made available on Vista. However, I am not on the product team which makes such decisions. I think it would be better if you could post a query for this on UserVoice:…/265757-windows-feature-suggestions


    Yes, TLS 1.0 is enabled by default for client and server side on Windows Server 2003 and Windows Server 2008. You may not see any keyword in the registry for this as they are built-in.  

  62. Help !!! says:

    I am using IISCrypto at the last few years and until now all works fine with my sites

    Today I was asked by the PCI company to Disable TLS 1.1 AND TLS 1.0 and to enable TLS 1.2

    From the moment that I enable only TLS 1.2 nobody from any browser and any pc can login to my site and the error msg is :

    Runtime Error

    Description: An exception occurred while processing your request. Additionally, another exception occurred while executing the custom error page for the first exception. The request has been terminated.

    Few months ago I did the same at my other sites and all works fine.

    I will really appreciate your help to help me understand what I am doing wrong and what should be done to solve this issue ASAP

    Btw- my server is windows server 2008R2 with the last updates.

  63. kristi says:

    is this what the end user sees if they are trying to access a LTS1.2 encrypted portal with a browser that does not support TLS1.2?

  64. Rameez Raja says:


    Our application wants to support TLS 1.2. I have configured in registry and also updated my configuration files but I have the IIS version as 7. Our OS is Windows 2008 R2 Enterprise edition.

    When I tried to execute my application, it is still taking TLSv1.0 as default. Do I need to upgrade my IIS manager to 7.5? Also am getting error if I tried to upgrade as Microsoft .net framework version 4.0 or greater is required to install 7.5 IIS express.

    Helping this issue would be highly appreciated.



  65. @Rameez Raja

    IIS version is tied to Windows version. You are actually running IIS 7.5 as it is Windows Server 2008 R2. There are 2 things to note, there is a client stack and server stack. IIS consume the server stack configuration.

    In this blog when we modify the IE settings it is changing the settings only for IE and not IIS. You will have to modify the

    Even if you enable TLS1.2 it depends on the client connecting to the server. Basically you have to do this:

    Support article:

    In order to disable or enable TLS/SSL on the server side, registry has to be modified.

    Below is a snippet from the article:



    Start Registry Editor (Regedt32.exe), and locate the following key in the registry.


    SCHANNELProtocols SubKey

    To enable the use of the protocols that will not be negotiated by default (such as TLS 1.1 or TLS 1.2), change the DWORD value data of the DisabledByDefault value to 0x0 in each of the following registry keys under the Protocols key:•SCHANNELProtocolsTLS 1.1Client

    •SCHANNELProtocolsTLS 1.1Server

    •SCHANNELProtocolsTLS 1.2Client

    •SCHANNELProtocolsTLS 1.2Server


    1. Yassar says:

      Any one please tell me how can i enable TLS 1.2 in excel vba to use it for a service call which uses TLS 1.2.

  66. How do POSReady OSes line up here?

  67. Kyberias says:

    “It is just a secure layer running on top of HTTP.”

    No, it’s a layer on top of TCP.

  68. Yassar says:

    Any one please tell me how can i enable TLS 1.2 in excel vba to use it for a soap service call which uses TLS 1.2.