C# Keyword Identifiers


This falls into the "learn something new everyday but not necessarily entirely useful bucket".  An app I spend a bit of time on leverages the CodeDom heavily to spit out managed code.  While running through some test cases the other day I noticed that it was prefixing many identifier names with the @ symbol when the generated code was C#. 

At first I assumed this was a bug in my code but I noticed that the generated code compiled just fine.  A bit of digging through the C# spec turned up the purpose of the @ character. This allows you to use C# keywords as identifiers.  For instance you can have "class @class". 

http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa664670(VS.71).aspx

VB has the same type of feature but they require the name to be wrapped in []. 

This still didn't answer the question of why my code generated with this character. It turns out this is a feature of the C# CodeDom.  When outputting an identifier, the C# CodeDom will prefix the identifier with @ if one of the following conditions are true.

  1. The identifier is a keyword
  2. The identifier is prefixed with two underscores.

It turns out the second rule exists to allow flexibility in the C# compiler implementation.  All identifiers that are prefixed with two underscores are inherently reserved for the implementation to provide such actions as extended keywords (reference at bottom of above link).

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