Windows 8.1 made a change for RTM – as some MSDN Subscribers might’ve noticed – where newly installed applications’ shortcuts are not immediately visible on the Start menu. They are still installed and indexed, but you need to either swipe down on your touch screen or click the down arrow as shown below.
On the Start menu, you can also just begin typing. Application shortcuts – along with files and settings – are displayed matching the text you typed. Just start typing “Visual Studio” and you’ll see a list of applications you can launch.
This behavior is the same for modern and desktop applications, putting you in control of what gets posted to your Start menu.