In SharePoint 2007, we have the choice of using _layouts folder for deploying document templates that are used in content types. That option still exists in SharePoint 2010 for farm based solutions, but the SharePoint Root (14 hive) is not accessible in Sandboxed solutions and hence it is not possible to deploy the document templates in _layouts folder. You will need to include the document template within SharePoint, meaning it will be stored in the content database.
The following TechNet How-To topic discusses how to deploy document template in a sandboxed solution – What it doesn’t tell you is how to handle document template files for content types and how do we handle very special cases, such as document template files deployed to a site collections with managed path (e.g., http://webapp/sites/mysite)
I want to associate a document template file in my content type in a sandboxed solution.
Follow the TechNet How-To topic to include your document template in the solution:
Add a content type to your project (Parent Content Type: Document)
In the content type Elements.xml file, include the reference to your document template:
Deploy the solution to your SharePoint site – I am deploying to my Office365 site – http://spopg.sharepoint.com/sites/chaks
After the successful deployment, I can find the content type in my site:
Now that we have our content type with the document template deployed, if you try to navigate to the Advanced Settings page for the content page and just click Ok:
SharePoint will throw an error: File doesn’t exist
ULS logs (if you are deploying to a local box) will give you detailed error:
Microsoft.SharePoint.SPException: File doesn't exist
at Microsoft.SharePoint.SPContentType.set_DocumentTemplate(String value)
at System.Web.UI.WebControls.Button.OnClick(EventArgs e)
at System.Web.UI.WebControls.Button.RaisePostBackEvent(String eventArgument)
at System.Web.UI.Page.RaisePostBackEvent(IPostBackEventHandler sourceControl, String eventArgument)
at System.Web.UI.Page.ProcessRequestMain(Boolean includeStagesBeforeAsyncPoint, Boolean includeStagesAfterAsyncPoint)
It is very clear that SharePoint is not able to save the document template as it is not able to find it.
Prefix / for _cts/Estimate/EstimatesTemplate.xltx – We are now able to successfully update the content type (via Advanced Settings page), but when you associate the content type to a document library and create a new document, like below:
The Office client will throw the following error: Microsoft Excel cannot access the file
The reason is because prefix / refers to the / managed path, but my site is in a manage path /sites and hence this fails to load the correct template. However, if your site is in the root managed path, this will work.
So, FAIL #1!
Another common workaround is to add a Folder target to the content type Elements.xml:
This breaks in the Advanced Settings page with the following error: Unexpected error
So, FAIL #2!
Enough of the workarounds and discussions already! Here is what finally worked for me. There is a slight change in the solution structure though:
Add the Templates module under your content type and delete the default files Sample.txt and Elements.xml added:
Now add your template file:
Edit the content type Elements.xml and add the Module definition just before declaring the content type:
Notice we have Url in the following format: _cts/<content type name>
Now we update the DocumentTemplate reference in the content type definition:
Notice we just reference the name of the template without the _cts/Project Estimates
It turns out that SharePoint by default looks under _cts/<content type name> folder for document templates if any.
Deploy and test your solution – it should work now - Office client will load the template without any errors!
You can download the sample here - http://bit.ly/jhJXKv – This sample is Office365 ready!
The sample also contains a web template that will create a blank team site, deploy a list definition associated with the content type (with document template file) and create a document library from the list definition.
The sample site template will be available under Sample Templates category in the New Site dialog: