Continuing in the series sharing some of the information in the .NET Framework Standard Library Annotated Reference Vol 1 and .NET Framework Standard Library Annotated Reference Vol 2 with some information on CharSet.
public enum CharSet
CF Ansi = 2,
Auto = 4,
MS CF None = 1,
Unicode = 3,
It’s somewhat unfortunate that CharSet.Ansi is the default behavior for PInvoke, since
managed strings and characters are internally Unicode. Win32 APIs often expose both an ANSI
and Unicode export, but by default you end up calling the ANSI one, requiring the Interop
marshaler to copy each Unicode string to a new ANSI string! In contrast, by calling the Unicode
export, the CLR can just pin the managed strings and expose them directly. You can override
the default behavior and explicitly mark each PInvoke signature with CharSet.Auto,
although in the future the CLR will provide a module-level DefaultCharSetAttribute that
allows you to select your own default for all signatures in your module.