Microsoft Azure Open Source Development Support Team Blog

Support for Open Source Technologies on Microsoft Azure App Service

Azure App Service Linux – Adding PHP Extensions

Customers that need to install PHP extensions that are not available on the provided PHP images on Azure App Services Linux can perform the following steps below to install their extensions.

Install PHP extensions-

  1.  Go to your KUDU console https://<sitename>.scm.azurewebsites.net
  2.  Select SSH.
  3.  In your SSH session, run the command highlighted in yellow.
 root@3628690f5888:/home/site/wwwroot# pear config-show
 Configuration (channel pear.php.net):
 =====================================
 Auto-discover new Channels     auto_discover    <not set>
 Default Channel                default_channel  pear.php.net
 HTTP Proxy Server Address      http_proxy       <not set>
 PEAR server [DEPRECATED]       master_server    pear.php.net
 Default Channel Mirror         preferred_mirror pear.php.net
 Remote Configuration File      remote_config    <not set>
 PEAR executables directory     bin_dir          /usr/local/bin
 PEAR documentation directory   doc_dir          /usr/local/lib/php/doc
 PHP extension directory        ext_dir          /usr/local/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20151012
 PEAR directory                 php_dir          /usr/local/lib/php
 PEAR Installer cache directory cache_dir        /tmp/pear/cache
 PEAR configuration file        cfg_dir          /usr/local/lib/php/cfg

4.  In the output above, the path for ext_dir is where your extension will be downloaded.  Note the path for later use.

5.  To install an extension, perform the following.  I’ll be installing the PHP extension “redis” in this example.

 root@3628690f5888:/home/site/wwwroot# pecl install redis
 downloading redis-4.1.1.tgz ...
 Starting to download redis-4.1.1.tgz (220,894 bytes)
 ..............................................done: 220,894 bytes
 25 source files, building
 running: phpize
 Configuring for:
 PHP Api Version:         20151012
 Zend Module Api No:      20151012
 Zend Extension Api No:   320151012
 enable igbinary serializer support? [no] :
 enable lzf compression support? [no] :
 ……
 Build process completed successfully
 Installing '/usr/local/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20151012/redis.so'
 install ok: channel://pecl.php.net/redis-4.1.1
 configuration option "php_ini" is not set to php.ini location
 You should add "extension=redis.so" to php.ini

6. You’ll notice the path to the newly installed extension (highlighted in green) is also returned after it’s installed and matches the “ext_dir” path returned from the Pear configurations.

7.  Now that the extension is installed, we’ll need to create an “ext” directory under “/home/site” and copy the extension to that directory so that the extension persists if the container is restarted.  Below are the commands to do this.

 root@9a793907fbb0:/home/site/wwwroot# mkdir /home/site/ext
 root@9a793907fbb0:/home/site/wwwroot# cp /home/site/ext /usr/local/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20151012/redis.so /home/site/ext

 Note:  The text may continue and look *garbled.  Don’t worry, keep entering the command.

8.  The command highlighted in yellow creates the “ext” directory and the one in green copies the files from the installation location to the new directory.

9.  Once this is done, perform the steps provided at App Service Linux – Update PHP Settings.

Recompiling PHP extensions –

If you need to reconfigure an extension such as GD, please use the following steps.

  1. SSH into your container and run the following
  2. “docker-php-ext-configure gd –with-freetype-dir=/usr –with-jpeg-dir=/usr”
  3. “docker-php-ext-install gd”
  4. cp /usr/local/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20151012/gd.so /home/site/ext

To test, run “service apache2 reload” then go your PHP info page to see if the “freetype” is listed under GD.  If so, update the “extensions.ini” as shown in the “Adding the Extension” section.  We will need to make some further modifications to avoid a conflict with the GD extension if the site were to be rebooted.  In your Application Settings, add the following so that the “extensions.ini” is loaded before the ones under “/usr/local/etc/php/conf.d”

Additionally, you can perform the additional steps to move the other INI files to the “/home/site/ini” directory.  In step 3, we’ll rename the INI for GD so that it doesn’t load the original GD extension on startup but continues to load other extensions.

  1. cp /usr/local/etc/php/conf.d/* /home/site/ini
  2. cd /home/site/ini
  3. mv docker-php-ext-gd.ini docker-php-ext-gd.old

Adding the Extension-

Once the steps performed at App Service Linux – Updating PHP settings are complete, you’ll have an “extensions.ini” in your “/home/site/ini” directory.  Below are some options for modifying the extensions.ini file to include our new PHP extension.

Option #1 – Echo
  1. Change directories to /home/site/ini.
  2. Type the following.
 echo "extensions=/home/site/ext/redis.so" >> extensions.ini
Option #2 – Vi
  1. Change directories to /home/site/ini.
  2. Perform the following

 a) vi extensions.ini
b) Press “i” on your keyboard to start editing and add the following.

 extension=/home/site/ext/redis.so

c) Press “Esc”, then “:wq!” and enter to save.

Once you’re done, restart the site using the Azure Portal and you’ll now see the extension installed in your PHPInfo page.