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Support for Open Source Technologies on Microsoft Azure App Service

Debug Django Web Application in Azure Web Apps

After creating a Azure Web/API app using Django Framework in Python, you may end-up getting Application errors at some point of your Application Development Process. This Blog describes how to enable Application logs for a Azure Web/API APP which uses Django Framework.

 

Before starting debug process make sure that you have below two important files at Web/API APP Root folder. You can find them in wwwroot folder @ kudu console(https://Your_Website.scm.azurewebsites.net)

 web.config 
ptvs_virtualenv_proxy.py

Please find more information on above files @ https://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/documentation/articles/web-sites-python-configure/#webconfig

 

You can display Django Application errors using below three channels

1) Display Application Errors on Web Browser

– Open settings.py file in your Django Web App

 

– In Settings.py file change debug option to True as below

DEBUG = True

Output :

 

As you can see in above screen shot, Application error info is shown on web page with error Traceback.

It is highly recommended to Swtich DEBUG option to False when you move the site into Production.

 

2) Log Errors in a Azure File System.

– In settings.py file add below content for LOGGING variable

LOGGING = {
'version': 1,
'disable_existing_loggers': False,
'filters': {
'require_debug_false': {
'()': 'django.utils.log.RequireDebugFalse'
}
},
'handlers': {
'logfile': {
'class': 'logging.handlers.WatchedFileHandler',
'filename': 'D:\home\site\wwwroot\myapp.log'
}
},
'loggers': {
'django': {
'handlers': ['logfile'],
'level': 'ERROR',
'propagate': False,
}
}
}

– You can find more information on LOGGING module @ https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/dev/topics/logging/

Output :

After making above changes, You would see myapp.log file in wwwroot folder as in Below screenshot.

 

Below Screenshot has the error message in myapp.log file.

 

 

This option is highly suitable for websites in production.

 

3) Email Application Errors to Developers

– In settings.py file add below content for LOGGING variable. I have highlighted configuration which is required to send an Email in RED.

LOGGING = {
'version': 1,
'disable_existing_loggers': False,
'filters': {
'require_debug_false': {
'()': 'django.utils.log.RequireDebugFalse'
}
},
'handlers': {
'mail_admins': {
'level': 'ERROR',
'filters': ['require_debug_false'],
'class': 'django.utils.log.AdminEmailHandler',
'include_html': True
},
'logfile': {
'class': 'logging.handlers.WatchedFileHandler',
'filename': 'D:\home\site\wwwroot\myapp.log'
}
},
'loggers': {
'django.request': {
'handlers': ['mail_admins'],
'level': 'ERROR',
'propagate': True,
},
'django': {
'handlers': ['logfile'],
'level': 'ERROR',
'propagate': False,
}
}
}

– Include smtp connection details in settings.py file as below

 EMAIL_USE_TLS = True
EMAIL_HOST = 'smtp.gmail.com'
EMAIL_PORT = 587
EMAIL_HOST_USER = 'Your_GMAIL@gmail.com'
EMAIL_HOST_PASSWORD = 'Your_GMAIL_Password'

– Change recipient email address in setting.py file as Below

ADMINS = (
('Prashanth madi', 'prmadi@microsoft.com'),
)

Output :

A email would be sent to recipients mentioned above when a application error occurs. Below is a Sample Application error message which I received for my website.

 

You can also send an email in html format by including below line of code in logger handler. Below is a Sample Application error message which I received for my website in HTML format.

'include_html': True

 

Find more details on using Python in Azure Web/API Apps at below links :  

– Python Developer Center – http://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/develop/python/ 

– Configuring Python in Azure Web Apps – https://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/documentation/articles/web-sites-python-configure/

– Troubleshoot- logging Fatal Errors of Azure Web/API Apps in Python – http://blogs.msdn.com/b/azureossds/archive/2015/07/15/troubleshoot-logging-python-application-errors-on-azure-web-api-apps.aspx