如何知道执行计划使用了那些统计信息


最近被一个客户问到了这样一个有趣的问题——执行计划在生成过程中使用了那些统计信息呢?针对这个问题,客户也做了一些研究,并给了我下面两篇博文作为切入点。

1.      How to Find the Statistics Used to Compile an Execution Plan (http://sqlblog.com/blogs/paul_white/archive/2011/09/21/how-to-find-the-statistics-used-to-compile-an-execution-plan.aspx)

2.      Statistics used in a cached query plan (http://blogfabiano.com/2012/07/03/statistics-used-in-a-cached-query-plan/)

 

在查看了这两篇博文后,我把其中的奥秘摘出来跟大家分享一下。

第一篇博文介绍了两个Trace Flag 92049292。这两个Trace Flag是这样解释的:

 

9204 – 打印出被加载的统计信息

9292 – 打印出从元数据中得到的统计信息的头信息

 

当然,要看到这些信息,我们还需要打开Trace Flag 3604才能让这些显示出来。以下面的脚本为例,

 

USE Northwind

GO

DBCC FREEPROCCACHE()

GO

DBCC TRACEON(3604, 9292, 9204)

GO

 

SELECT Employees.FirstName, COUNT(Orders.OrderID)

FROM Orders

INNER JOIN Employees

      ON Orders.EmployeeID = Employees.EmployeeID

WHERE Employees.FirstName = 'Steven'

GROUP BY Employees.FirstName

GO

 

其返回结果为:

 

Stats header loaded: DbName: Northwind, ObjName: Orders, IndexId: 4, ColumnName: EmployeeID, EmptyTable: FALSE

 

Stats loaded: DbName: Northwind, ObjName: Orders, IndexId: 4, ColumnName: EmployeeID, EmptyTable: FALSE

 

Stats header loaded: DbName: Northwind, ObjName: Orders, IndexId: 5, ColumnName: EmployeeID, EmptyTable: FALSE

 

Stats header loaded: DbName: Northwind, ObjName: Employees, IndexId: 1, ColumnName: EmployeeID, EmptyTable: FALSE

 

Stats loaded: DbName: Northwind, ObjName: Employees, IndexId: 1, ColumnName: EmployeeID, EmptyTable: FALSE

 

Stats header loaded: DbName: Northwind, ObjName: Employees, IndexId: 4, ColumnName: FirstName, EmptyTable: FALSE

 

Stats loaded: DbName: Northwind, ObjName: Employees, IndexId: 4, ColumnName: FirstName, EmptyTable: FALSE

 

FirstName 

---------- -----------

Steven     42

 

从这个SELECT语句中,我们不难看出查询结果应该是员工StevenFirst Name和这个员工有的所有的订单Order的数量。表EmployeesOrders是用过EmployeeID来联系起来的。所以,在Employees.EmployeeIDOrders.EmployeeID上建立的索引上面的统计信息会被用来产生执行计划。当然除了他们,还应该有在字段Employees.FirstName上的统计信息,因为这个字段上没有索引存在,所以系统会在这里自动生成一个统计信息。

 

需要注意的是,Trace Flag 92049292 只会在这个SELECT语句第一次被编译的时候打印出这些统计信息的记录。如果执行计划已经存在于缓存中,那么这些统计信息的记录则不会被打印出来。只有在用DBCC FREEPROCCACHE(plan_handle)清理了这条语句的缓存计划后,再次执行的时候才会再次被打印出来。

 

第二篇博文介绍了另一个Trace Flag8666。这个Trace Flag是这样解释的:

 

8666 – Showplan的详细信息打印出来

 

这个Trace Flag会将一些关于统计信息的内部信息显示出来。例如,

 

USE Northwind

GO

DBCC FREEPROCCACHE()

GO

DBCC TRACEON(8666)

GO

 

SELECT Employees.FirstName, COUNT(Orders.OrderID)

FROM Orders

INNER JOIN Employees

      ON Orders.EmployeeID = Employees.EmployeeID

WHERE Employees.FirstName = 'Steven'

GROUP BY Employees.FirstName

GO

 

 

当你查看XML计划的时候,你可能会看到类似下面的信息。在第一行,我们可以看到有一个XML的标签叫做InternalInfo。再往下,我们会看到两个Recompile的标签,每一个标签对应这个SELECT语句中用到的一张表。在每一个Recompile标签下,又有两个ModTrackingInfo的标签,在这里统计信息被显示出来。在这个例子中,我们看到了四个统计信息的显示,可是实际被执行计划用到的只有三个(从前面介绍的方法可以得知)。也就是说,这里例举出的统计信息并不全都会被使用到,而是会被检查并判定是否被用于产生执行计划。

 

<InternalInfoLockClassNoHint="0"LockClassIntLockHint="0"LockClassRCIsoHint="0">

  <OptmInfo>

     <FieldFieldName="m_iOptStage"FieldValue="1" />

     <FieldFieldName="m_cOptTask"FieldValue="382" />

     <FieldFieldName="m_ullAlgPmoSize"FieldValue="56" />

     <FieldFieldName="m_ullOptPmoSize"FieldValue="256" />

     <FieldFieldName="m_ullAlgTotalTime"FieldValue="514" />

     <FieldFieldName="m_ullAlgNetTime"FieldValue="514" />

     <FieldFieldName="m_ullOptTotalTime"FieldValue="51803" />

     <FieldFieldName="m_ullOptNetTime"FieldValue="37964" />

  </OptmInfo>

  <EnvColl>

     <Recompile>

        <FieldFieldName="wszDb"FieldValue="Northwind" />

        <FieldFieldName="wszSchema"FieldValue="dbo" />

        <FieldFieldName="wszTable"FieldValue="Employees" />

        <FieldFieldName="m_cRowCount"FieldValue="9" />

        <FieldFieldName="ullThreshold"FieldValue="500" />

        <FieldFieldName="wszReason"FieldValue="small table" />

        <FieldFieldName="m_fMissingStatsRecompile"FieldValue="0" />

        <FieldFieldName="m_fVisibleOutsideXact"FieldValue="1" />

        <FieldFieldName="m_dbId"FieldValue="7" />

        <FieldFieldName="m_mdObjectId"FieldValue="1977058079" />

        <FieldFieldName="m_mdBaseIndexId"FieldValue="1" />

        <FieldFieldName="m_cRowsetId"FieldValue="1" />

        <FieldFieldName="m_verStats"FieldValue="153" />

        <FieldFieldName="m_fAfterTriggerDelta"FieldValue="0" />

        <FieldFieldName="m_fInsteadOfDeltaPopulate"FieldValue="0" />

        <FieldFieldName="m_fInsteadOfDeltaInsideTrg"FieldValue="0" />

        <FieldFieldName="m_fIsSbQueue"FieldValue="0" />

           <ModTrackingInfo>

              <FieldFieldName="wszStatName"FieldValue="PK_Employees" />

              <FieldFieldName="wszColName"FieldValue="EmployeeID" />

              <FieldFieldName="m_cCols"FieldValue="1" />

              <FieldFieldName="m_idIS"FieldValue="1" />

              <FieldFieldName="m_ullSnapShotModCtr"FieldValue="27" />

              <FieldFieldName="m_ullRowCount"FieldValue="9" />

              <FieldFieldName="ullThreshold"FieldValue="500" />

              <FieldFieldName="wszReason"FieldValue="small table" />

           </ModTrackingInfo>

           <ModTrackingInfo>

              <FieldFieldName="wszStatName"FieldValue="_WA_Sys_00000003_75D7831F" />

              <FieldFieldName="wszColName"FieldValue="FirstName" />

              <FieldFieldName="m_cCols"FieldValue="1" />

              <FieldFieldName="m_idIS"FieldValue="4" />

              <FieldFieldName="m_ullSnapShotModCtr"FieldValue="27" />

              <FieldFieldName="m_ullRowCount"FieldValue="9" />

              <FieldFieldName="ullThreshold"FieldValue="500" />

              <FieldFieldName="wszReason"FieldValue="small table" />

           </ModTrackingInfo>

        </Recompile>

        <Recompile>

           <FieldFieldName="wszDb"FieldValue="Northwind" />

           <FieldFieldName="wszSchema"FieldValue="dbo" />

           <FieldFieldName="wszTable"FieldValue="Orders" />

           <FieldFieldName="m_cRowCount"FieldValue="830" />

           <FieldFieldName="ullThreshold"FieldValue="666" />

           <FieldFieldName="wszReason"FieldValue="heuristic" />

           <FieldFieldName="m_fMissingStatsRecompile"FieldValue="0" />

           <FieldFieldName="m_fVisibleOutsideXact"FieldValue="1" />

           <FieldFieldName="m_dbId"FieldValue="7" />

           <FieldFieldName="m_mdObjectId"FieldValue="21575115" />

           <FieldFieldName="m_mdBaseIndexId"FieldValue="1" />

           <FieldFieldName="m_cRowsetId"FieldValue="1" />

           <FieldFieldName="m_verStats"FieldValue="152" />

           <FieldFieldName="m_fAfterTriggerDelta"FieldValue="0" />

           <FieldFieldName="m_fInsteadOfDeltaPopulate"FieldValue="0" />

           <FieldFieldName="m_fInsteadOfDeltaInsideTrg"FieldValue="0" />

           <FieldFieldName="m_fIsSbQueue"FieldValue="0" />

           <ModTrackingInfo>

              <FieldFieldName="wszStatName"FieldValue="EmployeeID" />

              <FieldFieldName="wszColName"FieldValue="EmployeeID" />

              <FieldFieldName="m_cCols"FieldValue="1" />

              <FieldFieldName="m_idIS"FieldValue="4" />

              <FieldFieldName="m_ullSnapShotModCtr"FieldValue="2490" />

              <FieldFieldName="m_ullRowCount"FieldValue="830" />

              <FieldFieldName="ullThreshold"FieldValue="666" />

              <FieldFieldName="wszReason"FieldValue="heuristic" />

           </ModTrackingInfo>

           <ModTrackingInfo>

              <FieldFieldName="wszStatName"FieldValue="EmployeesOrders" />

              <FieldFieldName="wszColName"FieldValue="EmployeeID" />

              <FieldFieldName="m_cCols"FieldValue="1" />

              <FieldFieldName="m_idIS"FieldValue="5" />

              <FieldFieldName="m_ullSnapShotModCtr"FieldValue="2490" />

              <FieldFieldName="m_ullRowCount"FieldValue="830" />

              <FieldFieldName="ullThreshold"FieldValue="666" />

              <FieldFieldName="wszReason"FieldValue="heuristic" />

           </ModTrackingInfo>

        </Recompile>

    </EnvColl>

 </InternalInfo>

 

另外,因为这些信息存在XML计划中,所以我们还可以通过下面的语句来直接把我们需要的信息截取出来。不过需要注意的是,运行下面的语句有时候会造成访问越界,所以请慎用!

 

WITH XMLNAMESPACES('http://schemas.microsoft.com/sqlserver/2004/07/showplan' as p)

SELECT qt.text AS SQLCommand,

      qp.query_plan,

      StatsUsed.XMLCol.value('@FieldValue','NVarChar(500)') AS StatsName

FROM sys.dm_exec_cached_plans cp

      CROSS APPLY sys.dm_exec_query_plan(cp.plan_handle) qp

      CROSS APPLY sys.dm_exec_sql_text(cp.plan_handle) qt

      CROSS APPLY query_plan.nodes('//p:Field[@FieldName="wszStatName"]') StatsUsed(XMLCol)

WHERE qt.text LIKE '%Steven%'

      AND qt.text NOT LIKE '%sys.%'

 

 

综上所述,如果想要得知执行计划在生成过程中使用了那些统计信息,比较安全的做法是用Trace Flag 92049292


Comments (1)

  1. 桦仔 says:

    最后面介绍的截取统计信息截取不出来啊

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