I see errors (or warnings) in the event log when I disable the Receive Location, for small Polling Intervals (especially 0)

The Symptoms!

Occasionally, you may see errors/warnings in the event log when you disable a WCF-Custom receive location which was configured to use the polling feature of the oracle adapter, especially if the polling interval is set to a low value. You would see these errors almost every time you disabled the location, if Polling Interval = 0.One of the errors would be:

"The adapter "WCF-Custom" raised an error message. Details "System.InvalidOperationException: The reply is invalid because the underlying transaction object has been disposed. This occurs if the polling interval expires before receiving a reply. Use a higher value for polling interval."

Another would be:

"The adapter "WCF-Custom" raised an error message. Details "System.Transactions.TransactionAbortedException: The transaction has aborted."

In some cases you may see another error as well: "Connection must be open for this operation".

What's going on? 

To understand what's going on, let’s take a closer look at how polling happens in the Oracle Adapter. I'll avoid the gory code level details and present a relatively high level picture.

Simply speaking, at any instant during a running polling scenario, the Adapter may be considered to be in either of the following two states (Figure 1):

Figure 1

    1. Actively Polling:
      The adapter is polling for a message, or waiting for the message to be consumed. In fact this state may itself be considered to be made up of the following sub-states (the above state transition diagram may be redrawn to accomodate this detail):-

      Poll Msg -> Msg Available -> Msg consumed -> Polling Transaction Committed (or aborted) -> (Go to 'Poll Msg' or 'Sleeping' depending on the remaining polling interval)

      The reason for combining these steps into a single state is that they are executed as part of a single transaction.

    2. Sleeping
      If the Polling Interval specified is greater than the time required to complete all the tasks mentioned above in the 'Actively Polling' state, the adapter switches to the 'Sleeping' state for the remaining period of the Polling Interval, after which it transitions back to the 'Actively Polling' state ('Poll Msg' to be specific) and polls for the next message.

Clearly, if the polling interval is small (compared to the time required to complete the tasks in 'Actively Polling' state), at any random point of time the adapter is more likely to be in the 'Actively Polling' state than in the 'Sleeping' state.

Note that Polling Interval = 0 is a special case which tells the adapter to take as much time as it needs to complete the set of steps in the 'Actively Polling' state and poll for the next message as soon as previous transaction has been completed. Thus, in this case, the adapter never goes to the 'Sleeping' state.

Also note that when Polling Interval > 0, there’s no guarantee that the adapter will be able to complete all the above steps within the specified interval. If it is unable to do so, the polling transaction will be aborted and the adapter will go back to poll the next message (if Retry Count > 0). In this case too, the adapter will never go to the ‘Sleeping’ state.

Now if the 'Receive Location' is disabled when the adapter is in 'Sleeping' state, everything would be fine. However, if the adapter happened to be in the 'Actively Polling' state at that point, it may lead to problems. In most cases the following sequence of events will take place at the instant when you disable the receive location:-

  1. The Receive Location (WCF-Custom adapter) is consuming an available message (it sends an acknowledgement/reply to the Oracle Adapter to indicate whether or not it has successfully consumed the message)

  2. The WCF-custom adapter aborts its own transaction and you see a 'Transaction Aborted' exception. 

  3. The Oracle adapter receives the instruction to stop polling and aborts the current transaction.

  4. If the message had a part which was being streamed by the adapter (e.g. a blob column), you might see an exception saying "Connection must be open for this operation".

  5. By the time the last reply from the WCF-Custom adapter reaches the Oracle adapter, the corresponding transaction has already been aborted and the transaction object disposed. This is when you see the exception saying "System.InvalidOperationException: The reply is invalid because the underlying transaction object has been disposed. This occurs if the polling interval expires before receiving a reply. Use a higher value for polling interval."

The above picture is rather simplified (the thread level details are missing) and may not be completely accurate but I hope it gives some insight into why you see those errors while disabling the receive location and how they are related to the Polling Interval.

Ok, but what are the implications? What do I do if I see this error?

You don’t need to do anything. As explained above, the error is a result of how polling happens and is benign. The only thing you need to keep in mind when you see this error is that the last transaction which the adapter was executing has been aborted. (So, effectively, the last post-poll statement was not executed).


Comments (6)
  1. EricPopoff says:

    We are experiencing this issue (the ‘Transaction Aborted’ flavor) approximately every 30 minutes. Our polling interval is currently set to 120 seconds and the number of records being processed is minimal.

    When the warning is thrown, the Adapter restarts within 1 second and the aborted transaction gets re-processed immediately. So your assessment that this is "benign" is true for us at this point.

    However, we will soon be deploying the Adapter in a situation where the polling interval will be set to 30 seconds and we will be processing 100,000’s of records. It is our concern that Adapter "Transaction Aborted" warnings/restarts will grow exponentially, thus rendering the Adapter ineffective in handling the volume of transactions.

    What is your best guess on the likely outcome in this scenario?

    Thanks for your input!

  2. MSDN Archive says:

    Hey Eric,

    I’ve a couple of questions for you.

    Are you disabling/re-starting your receive location when you’re seeing this error?

    When you say "Adapter restarts within…", do you mean that adapter resumes polling or that the executable that is hosting adapter (e.g. BTSNTSvc.exe) has restarted?


  3. Eric,

    What is the receiveTimeout value (in the binding property)? I think it’s 10 minutes by default – can you change it to something like 23:59:59, and see if your error goes away?

  4. EricPopoff says:


    Here is the sequence of error (Warning) messages that occur when the adapter fails:

    1:  The adapter "WCF-Custom" raised an error message. Details "System.Transactions.TransactionAbortedException: The transaction has aborted.".

    2: The adapter "WCF-Custom" raised an error message. Details "System.Transactions.TransactionAbortedException: The transaction has aborted.

      at Microsoft.ServiceModel.Channels.Common.Design.AdapterAsyncResult.End()

      at Microsoft.ServiceModel.Channels.Common.Channels.AdapterReplyChannel.EndTryReceiveRequest(IAsyncResult result, RequestContext& requestContext)

      at System.ServiceModel.Dispatcher.ReplyChannelBinder.EndTryReceive(IAsyncResult result, RequestContext& requestContext)

      at System.ServiceModel.Dispatcher.ErrorHandlingReceiver.EndTryReceive(IAsyncResult result, RequestContext& requestContext)".

    3: The adapter "WCF-Custom" raised an error message. Details "The WCF service host at address oracledb://prod.world?PollingId=PCARDAIBQUEUE has faulted and as a result no more messages can be received on the corresponding receive location. To fix the issue, BizTalk Server will automatically attempt to restart the service host.".

    Within a second of these messages, we receive the following message (Information):

    The WCF service host at address oracledb://prod.world?PollingId=PCARDAIBQUEUE was successfully restarted, therefore the associated receive location can now receive messages.

    We’re not sure if this is inferring that the Send Port attached to the Adapter is restarting or actually the Adapter itself is restarting…


    The timeout is currently set to the default 10 minutes. We will try to extend that a bit to see if the frequency of errors reduces. But, we are hesitant to set a high value here, since currently the Adapter restarts and ensures timely processing of the polled records.

    Thanks to you both for contemplating this issue!


  5. EricPopoff says:

    Oops! I meant to say:

    We’re not sure if this is inferring that the Receive Port attached to the Adapter…

  6. Rain Siew says:


    I encountered the same problem and it had slept for over a week now!

    Should I still take no action? Nothing had been polled since from a week.

    Please help.


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